What month is Ramadan

The following verse is the only one that mentions the name of the month: "It is the month of Ramadan in which the Qur'an was revealed as a guide for the people and as a clear testimony for guidance and the struggle (between truth and falsehood)." (Holy Quran 2: 185). It is the only month mentioned by name in the Holy Qur'an. According to a tradition [hadith] not only the Holy Qur'an was revealed in that month, but also the scrolls of Abraham (a.) On the first night of Ramadan, the Taurat (Torah) on the sixth day, the Injil (Gospel) on the thirteenth day, the Zabur (psalms) on the eighteenth day, and the Qur'an on the twenty-first day.

The word Ramadan is derived from the root word Ra-ma-dan, which describes heat, restlessness and hardship; the plural form of this is Ra-ma-da-nat. Scholars [faqih] usually give six word meanings for Ramadan as a preference.

Every action in the month has multiple effects. Imam Ali Ridha (a.) Said: “Anyone who reads a verse from the Book of Allah in the month of Ramadan is like reading the whole Qur'an in other months”.

The month of Ramadan is an opportunity for internal "accounting" and for taking stock as well as for self-reflection. This is also facilitated by the fact that, according to a tradition [hadith], the satans are chained.

As a symbol of this, the month ends with Zakat-ul-Fitr and the subsequent Fitr festival.