What's next after 10th grade

Secondary school leaving certificate: what can you do with it?

The secondary school does not have a particularly good reputation in Germany and who says that it only has one Secondary school leaving certificate has to fight a stigma from the start. Part of the blame for the negative image is certainly also borne by politics, which aims to ensure that more and more students graduate from high school and go to university - which is quite successful, but a secondary school leaving certificate is less and less worth it. But is it really the case that you cannot achieve anything with a secondary school diploma? We will investigate the question and present you with various options that are open to you with a secondary school leaving certificate ...

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

Definition: what is the secondary school leaving certificate?

Since the school system in Germany is regulated at the level of the federal states, it can quickly become confusing. While federalism naturally has many good sides, it sometimes also brings a bit of chaos, for example when it comes to the terminology used for the secondary school leaving certificate.

Depending on the federal state, the term used can therefore be different. While in North Rhine-Westphalia only the secondary school leaving certificate is spoken of, you may also come across the names Vocational qualification, extended vocational training maturity or even just Professional maturity.

However, they all denote that first general school leaving certificatethat can be acquired in the German school system. Usually, the secondary school certificate is achieved with the successful completion of the 9th grade - i.e. with a transfer to the 10th school year. The relevant qualification is then noted on the certificate.

The secondary school leaving certificate is the minimum requirement for a Training in the dual system to start. In addition, a secondary school leaving certificate is usually the necessary requirement to be able to do a vocational preparation year if no training position can be found. The secondary school leaving certificate can of course also be used to obtain a higher qualification afterwards.

Distinctions still have to be made between the respective federal states. The secondary school leaving certificate in North Rhine-Westphalia is achieved at the end of the ninth school year without any further examination. In Bavaria, Hesse, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein and Thuringia one can qualifying secondary school diploma be made. It is a voluntary test that can improve your chances on the job market. This secondary school leaving certificate also enables students to attend secondary or vocational schools.

If students in North Rhine-Westphalia continue their 10th grade, they can continue with either type A or type B after completing secondary school. The differences are as follows:

  • Type a

    Those who complete the tenth grade then take part in a central examination procedure. Final exams in German, English and mathematics are held here. The preliminary grades of the examination subjects and the grades of the other subjects are included in the secondary school leaving certificate.

    With the acquisition of this qualification after grade 10, the pupils are entitled to start an apprenticeship or to attend a vocational college. A higher-quality school leaving certificate can be obtained there, for example the middle school leaving certificate. In some federal states it is also known as the technical college entrance qualification (FOR), or secondary or secondary school leaving certificate.

  • Type B

    Those attending the tenth grade type B are prepared directly for the secondary school leaving certificate. This means that those who have successfully taken part in the central graduation procedure acquire the technical college entrance qualification directly. Students with particularly good grades are also entitled to attend the upper level of the gymnasium.

The sole length of stay of nine or 10 school years at a school however, does not yet guarantee a secondary school diploma: For example, if you had to repeat one or more classes, you can have completed your compulsory full-time schooling at the age of 15 or 16 and still have no qualification.

Secondary school leaving certificate: difficulties and prejudices

The secondary school leaving certificate is a successful school leaving certificate in Germany, but due to the bad image it is also associated with some difficulties. Since it is the first and thus the lowest school leaving certificate, secondary school students are unfortunately often considered to be poorly trained, lacking drive or disorientation. Right from the start, you have to fight against pre-defined opinions when you graduate from secondary school.

Many companies even sort out applicants with a secondary school diploma immediately because they at least intermediate maturity expect. That doesn't make choosing a career easier and it can make starting a career difficult or delaying it.

Added to this are self-doubts that can develop over time. If the secondary school leaving certificate is repeated as negative argument is held up, many wonder whether they are actually as bad or even stupid as others keep suggesting they are.

To overcome these difficulties, junior high school students need perseverance. Rejection of applications and the feeling that one's own achievements are not sufficiently valued can put a damper on one's self-esteem. In order not to lose motivation and give up prematurely, you must avoid setbacks and prejudices don't let it get you down. See this as a challenge that you can master.

You can save yourself a lot of frustration if you submit your applications right from the start focus on the right industries. Craft businesses and the service sector in particular offer good opportunities for secondary school students.

Opportunities with the secondary school leaving certificate

It does not always have to be a high school diploma and a degree to embark on a successful career. Of course, the higher education entrance qualification can open some doors, but even with a secondary school diploma there are various alternatives with which professional success can be initiated.

However, you have to decide for yourself which of these is suitable for you. Depending on your personal situation and your professional goals, the path can therefore vary.

  • Dual education

    For most secondary school students, dual training is the next step towards starting a career after graduation. The chances of finding a suitable apprenticeship position are not that bad. Due to the increasing number of students, many training companies regularly remain without suitable candidates. This is your chance to become exactly this applicant and to acquire both practical and theoretical knowledge of your dream job through the mixture of vocational school and training in the company. Equipped in this way and with the associated professional experience, you can either be taken on directly or look for suitable positions on the job market.

  • Vocational preparation year

    If the apprenticeship does not work out immediately, a year of vocational preparation can also be completed. This aims to improve qualifications and help the next application to be successful. For this purpose, school-based knowledge is imparted and at least one internship is completed. The vocational preparation year can take place in different areas, for example trade and sales or economics and administration. If things go well, contact with a possible training company can be established during the internship.

  • Further education

    It is often overlooked that even with a secondary school diploma there is an opportunity to further develop one's own qualifications and to become an important specialist. For example, there is the possibility of doing advanced training after completing the training, for example a master craftsman or specialist. They can make you an expert in your field and qualify you for higher professional fields.

Secondary school leaving certificate Professions: From geriatric nurse to two-wheel mechatronics technician

There is almost nothing that is not there. Or to put it another way: They are responsible for the fact that the secondary school leaving certificate has to fight with its reputation The possibilities are very diverse. There is a wide range of activities in the apprenticeship trades alone.

The following professions are representative in which you can also have opportunities with a secondary school leaving certificate:

Of course, the requirements differ depending on the training. From a purely legal point of view often no specific school qualifications prescribed so that every student could learn the job they are striving for. Most companies, however, require at least a secondary school leaving certificate - sometimes the expectations are higher depending on the company.

Some apprenticeships even expect another completed apprenticeship beforehand next to the secondary school leaving certificate. The specific requirements of an employer must be taken from the job advertisement or clarified over the phone.

Training market with secondary school leaving certificate

As with any school leaving certificate, the following also applies to the secondary school leaving certificate: Future employers always look at the grades. Students with good grades are always welcome. Employers pay particular attention to the School subjects German and mathematics.

That is obvious; For example, if you are doing an apprenticeship in a craft, you must do both Write invoices without errors, as well as correctly calculate the costs for the necessary materials and the amount of work.

At the same time, when choosing their training, students can of course ensure that they focus on areas that suit them later in their professional lives. Professions with secondary school qualifications are widespread in the sectors Gastronomy, craft, trade and social affairs:

We will introduce you to these areas and show you which apprenticeships are possible here with a secondary school leaving certificate:

  • gastronomy

    As in the hotel industry and in sales, the customer comes first. Anyone who takes up a training occupation in the field of gastronomy should have fun dealing with people and enjoy preparing food. These professions are service-oriented and creative. At the same time, shift work and overtime ensure that these jobs demand a lot from their employees. You have to be particularly resilient physically and mentally.

    Typical professions: Housekeeper, assistant in system catering, cook, restaurant specialist, specialist in the hospitality industry.

  • Craft

    Prospective trainees in the skilled trades have good chances, as some companies are currently having difficulties filling their apprenticeships. In the past few years, 15,000 apprenticeship positions have remained unfilled because of massive problems with young talent. Applicants with a secondary school leaving certificate are therefore often found in the skilled trades. But make no mistake: the application should still be meaningful and error-free. The opportunities for advancement are quite good here, as the master can be made after the training. Those who work as masters later often earn more than university graduates.

    Typical professions: Carpenters, painters, varnishers, bakers, roofers, goldsmiths, media technologists.

  • trade

    Retail is also very service-oriented, which means that the customer is king. Regular customer contact, sales talent and persuasiveness are typical requirements in everyday life. In addition, prospects have to bring a good deal of stress resistance with them; you don't always have to deal with simple customers. If you successfully pass your final examination in the third year of training, you are, for example, a qualified retailer. This means that you have to take on more responsible activities such as ordering goods or inspecting incoming goods.

    Typical professions: Merchant in retail, merchant in wholesale and foreign trade, hotel specialist, tourism clerk.

  • Social

    Trainees in health professions are also desperately wanted. Anyone with the term demographic change knows that German society is getting older and older. Elderly people require special care and attention, especially when they can no longer be looked after in their own home. Applicants for nursing and healing professions must have a great deal of empathy. Anyone interested in jobs with children must be physically fit and resilient.

    Typical professions: Geriatric nurse, educator, medical assistant, masseur and medical lifeguard

Catch up on secondary school leaving certificate: possibilities and ways

Anyone who left school without a degree should urgently think about how to catch up on the secondary school certificate. This increases your position on the job market immensely and reduces the risk of long-term unemployment. The fact remains that a school leaving certificate with good grades is the best prerequisite for an apprenticeship position.

The regrets about missed opportunities and a failed secondary school leaving certificate usually only come after school, when many have come to terms with the Seriousness of life faced see: Even sectors that have young talent problems do not accept everyone and those who cannot even prove a secondary school leaving certificate are often rejected immediately. Then there are only unskilled unskilled labor jobs that offer only a small salary and little perspective.

Fortunately, there are ways you can catch up on your secondary school diploma:

  • Catch up on secondary school leaving certificate at a distance learning school

    Distance schools offer courses and courses that you can use to catch up on your secondary school diploma. An advantage and at the same time a challenge is that you can flexibly divide the subject matter. This enables you to earn money on the side - but also requires the necessary degree of discipline to really master the material.

    You can catch up on your secondary school leaving certificate via distance learning in around 18 months. There are no special requirements for the students.

  • Make up for a secondary school leaving certificate at an evening school

    If you want to catch up on your secondary school leaving certificate and prefer face-to-face meetings, evening school can be a good option. The courses that prepare you for the exams for the secondary school leaving certificate take place several evenings a week. The courses usually last between 60 and 90 minutes and take place between 8 p.m. and 10 p.m. in the evening.

    Outside of the appointments, of course, you also have to study independently here in order to acquire the necessary knowledge. Some evening schools have certain requirements for participants, such as age requirements. Therefore, find out about the regulations that apply to you.

  • Make up for a secondary school diploma through training

    It is very difficult to get an apprenticeship without leaving school. However, if you still succeed and successfully complete a recognized training course, you will automatically acquire the secondary school certificate.

    You then no longer have to take any additional exams or take courses. On your diploma from the vocational school, it should be noted that you have obtained the secondary school diploma.

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