What is the explanation for 1

Constitution. The fundamental rights

This chapter as a listening offer


article 1

(1) Human dignity is inviolable. It is the duty of all state authorities to respect and protect them.
(2) The German people are therefore committed to inviolable and inalienable human rights as the basis of every human community, of peace and justice in the world.
(3) The following basic rights bind legislation, executive power and case law as directly applicable law.
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Article 1 says: Everyone is valuable.
Article 1 protects people in their own right Would.
Dignity means: All people have a value.

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This is how the philosopher Immanuel Kant explains them human dignity:
Things are valuable
if we can use them.
For example, a shoe is valuable
if it fits and you can walk well with it.
When the shoe is broken and
no one can walk in it anymore,
he no longer has any value.

It is different with humans:
Man always has value.
Even when he's sick.
Even if he can't work.

When something always has value, they say:
It has a dignity.
Every person is therefore valuable
because he is human.

Article 1 says: Human dignity is inviolable.
That means: the dignity must not be violated under any circumstances.
All people are equally valuable.
It does not matter,
  • what religion they have,
  • which country they come from
  • whether they are women or men or
  • how old are you.

  • The life and health of all people are important.
    All people must be protected by the state.
    Human dignity is the most important rule in the German constitution.
    Nobody is allowed to violate a person's dignity.

    A life without human dignity is a life in fear
    Oppression and coercion.
    This means:
    Nobody has the right to do violence to another person.
    For example, were used in the Nazi era
    handicapped people detained and killed,
    because they had a disability.
    These are called "euthanasia" murders
    Human dignity forbids such a thing.
    Nobody should be tortured or killed.

    All people must be treated with dignity.
    No one who really needs help
    may be left alone.
    This also applies, for example
    • for all people who are sick.
    • for all children who are without parents.
    • for all people who have fled to Germany.
    Also the dignity of people
    who broke a law
    must be observed.
    This has been confirmed by the Federal Constitutional Court.
    The Federal Constitutional Court is
    the highest court in Germany.

    For example, it decided:
    Even people in prison must have hope
    that they will be allowed to leave the prison at some point.
    Also someone who murdered another person.
    A life without hope is not dignified.
    A court must therefore examine after 15 years:
    Can a person leave prison again?

    The state must respect fundamental rights
    The basic rights are supposed to protect people from the state.
    Therefore, everyone who works in the state must
    respect the fundamental rights.
    Article 1 states:
    • The people who make laws
      must respect fundamental rights.
      No law can violate fundamental rights.
      No law should allow anything
      which is forbidden in the Basic Law.
    • The government and everyone who works for it
      must adhere to fundamental rights in their work.
    • The judges must also adhere to the fundamental rights.
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    The state must not violate anyone's fundamental rights.
    When a person thinks:
    The state violates my basic rights
    the person can bring an action in a court of law.
    In this way she can demand the protection of her fundamental rights.
    A judge must then examine
    whether the state has violated fundamental rights.
    Everyone in Germany has
    a right to the observance of fundamental rights.