How does Gatsby use Nick

The Great Gatsby

F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel "The Great Gatsby" (original: "The Great Gatsby") was first published in 1925. The protagonist is the enigmatic upstart Jay Gatsby, who gave lavish parties in his house on Long Island on the American east coast in the summer of 1922. He lives under the illusion that he can win back the passionately loved Daisy. He holds on to his dream until the tragic end. His story is told in retrospect two years later.


I.

The 30-year-old first-person narrator Nick Carraway from the Midwest tries his hand at a stockbroker in New York. He's rented a modest house in West Egg, Long Island, the home of the new rich. His distant cousin Daisy Buchanan lives with her husband Tom and their three-year-old daughter in neighboring swanky East Egg. The reactionary Tom comes from a wealthy family and used to be a successful football player. He openly admits to having a lover. Nick meets Daisy's friend Jordan Baker at the Buchanan home.


II

Tom's lover, Myrtle Wilson, is married to a garage owner in a poor area. She leads a double life and owns a small apartment in New York. Tom urges Nick to attend a party at Myrtle's. The exaltation of those present, coupled with the ordinary, fascinates Nick and repels him at the same time. The party ends when Tom breaks his beloved's nose with an aimed blow because she mentions Daisy.


III

Nick's neighbor Gatsby regularly throws extravagant parties on his luxurious estate, at which the world and the demi-world appear unsolicited. Nick receives a personal invitation from Gatsby. Wild rumors circulate among the guests about his past. He proves to be a lovable man Nick's age and thinks he knows Nick from military service in France.


IV

Gatsby claims to Nick that he comes from a wealthy family, studied at Oxford and proven himself in the war. At lunch in New York, Gatsby introduces Nick to Meyer Wolfsheim, an obscure elderly Jew who seems to be very fond of Gatsby.

Nick and Gatsby's mutual acquaintance, Jordan, tells Nick that Jay Gatsby and Daisy were lovers in 1917 and were separated because Gatsby was called to Europe. Daisy married Tom almost two years later. Nick is asked to allow Gatsby and Daisy to meet at his house.


V.

At the meeting, Gatsby and Daisy find their way back to their old familiarity after initial embarrassment. Beaming with happiness, Gatsby leads Daisy and his neighbors over to his huge house. Daisy is impressed and touched by Gatsby's wealth, and it is evident that Gatsby believes that he is close to the goal of his desires.


VI

Nick anticipates the story and reveals information about Gatsby that he only found out later: Gatsby grew up as James Gatz in a simple family in North Dakota. At the age of seventeen he created a picture of himself and his future greatness and importance. He managed to attract the attention of millionaire Dan Cody. He held a position of trust with Cody for five years that made him who he wanted to be.

A few weeks after Daisy's first visit to Gatsby's house, she shows up with Tom at one of Gatsby's weekly parties. Daisy is fascinated by the assembled celebrities and at the same time appalled by the omnipresent emptiness. - Gatsby wants Daisy to leave Tom and pretend it hasn't happened in the last five years. Gatsby is depressed and confesses to Nick that Daisy has closed her mind to this plan. Nick realizes that Gatsby has inextricably linked his vision of himself and his fate to Daisy.


VII

Since Daisy visits him regularly, Gatsby stops the parties. Nick, Jordan and Gatsby are invited to lunch with the Buchanans, during which Tom exposes the affair between his wife and Gatsby. At Daisy's urging, the small company decides to go into town. Tom asks Gatsby to swap their cars. Tom chauffeurs Nick and Jordan, Daisy drives with Gatsby. Tom stops at Wilson's garage to refuel Gatsby's car. Wilson implies that he knows about Myrtle's double life and wants to move away with her.

Tom and Gatsby have an argument over Daisy in New York. Tom has done an investigation and confronts Gatsby about having made his fortune by criminal means. Gatsby nervously tries to justify himself and waits in vain for Daisy to confess to him. Tom forces Daisy and Gatsby to drive back in his car.

After a heated argument with her husband, Myrtle runs out onto the street and straight into a moving car. She dies instantly. The car escapes undetected. Nick later learns from Gatsby that Daisy had been behind the wheel of the accident vehicle, but that he wanted to take the blame out of love.


VIII

That night, Gatsby tells Nick how he met the wealthy Daisy as an officer. Meanwhile, the desperate Wilson has found out that the accident car belongs to Gatsby. When Nick returns from New York that afternoon, he finds Gatsby shot in the swimming pool and a little further away from Wilson, who is also dead.


IX

Only government officials and the press are interested in Gatsby's death. Daisy and Tom have left, while Meyer Wolfsheim explains to Nick that he found Gatsby "in the gutter" and made him rich, but after his death he no longer wants to be associated with him. Gatsby's father and one of the previous party guests are the only ones to come to the funeral.

Before Nick moves back to the Midwest, he says goodbye to Jordan. Both of them regret to find that they could not enter into a relationship. - Nick meets Tom by chance, who admits to having betrayed Gatsby to Wilson. Tom's indifference repels Nick.


Using the tragic example of Jay Gatsby, Fitzgerald describes the social and cultural changes after the First World War. In this Classics of world literature the author captured the unique atmosphere of the so-called »Roaring Twenties«, the 1920s in the USA, which were characterized by growing prosperity and increasing mobility, by prohibition, jazz and the flapper movement. This epoch lets people like Gatsby grow up, but their lack of spirit and frivolity deny him the fulfillment of his love: Daisy is not capable of the true feelings Gatsby longed for.

The novel has been made into a film several times, most recently in 2013 with Leonardo DiCaprio in the lead role.