What is Ecuador's main export product


The areas of the economy


Only 6.7 percent of economic output is generated in agriculture. 26.1 percent work in this area. Most important are the large plantations in the coastal region that produce bananas, cocoa, coffee, sugar cane and cut flowers for export.

Fishing is also of great importance because of the rich fishing grounds of the Humboldt Current. Herring, tuna and shellfish, such as the shrimp raised on large sea farms, are also exported.

On the sierra only agriculture and livestock farming are carried out for their own market or for self-sufficiency. Traditional products such as cassava, corn, potatoes, legumes, vegetables and the wheat brought into the country by the Spaniards are in the foreground. The increasingly popular rice comes from the coast.


Industry contributes 32.9 percent to the economy. 18.4 percent of the people work here. There are factories that process petroleum, food, clothing, wood, metal, and chemicals. Most of the industry is based in Guayaquil and Quito.


The services generate 60.4 percent. These include banks, hairdressers, restaurants, hotels, electricity and telephone providers. 55.5 percent of the working population are employed in this area.

Tourism is on the up. A ride on the reopened railway is particularly popular with tourists. In 2013, 1.36 million visitors came to Ecuador. Around 200,000 tourists visit the Galápagos Islands every year.