What are some examples of basic CVs

Special knowledge in the curriculum vitae: selection & examples

Special knowledge in the résumé rounds off the profile and sets applicants apart from the competition. It is not uncommon for them to be decisive for HR managers. Especially when these complement the professional career and highlight the particular suitability of the candidate. Here you can find out how to optimally design the section “Knowledge and skills” in the résumé and which skills you should select in order to score points with HR professionals. The most important tips and rules ...

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

Knowledge in the curriculum vitae: selection of competencies

In the course of life, in addition to training, studies and work experience, you acquire many different skills and competencies. But not all of them belong on the résumé. When choosing, you should consider two basic rules:

  1. Name only relevant knowledge

    Only skills that are important for the desired position and offer added value belong under the heading “Knowledge” in the résumé. Having IT knowledge of programming languages ​​is completely unimportant when you apply to be an account manager. Relevant knowledge proves that you are up to the demands of the job - and bring even more with you. Only then do they add value to your application.

    Rule of thumb: Does the additional knowledge help in the job? If not, they do not belong on the résumé.

  2. Mention specific knowledge

    Knowledge in the résumé should prove your suitability, not raise new questions. General information such as “knowledge of Word and Excel” means everything and nothing. Are you an expert? Or are you still a beginner with the programs? Regardless of whether it is technical competence or soft skills: Be specific and evaluate the quality of your knowledge using meaningful attributes.

    Rule of thumb: Describe special knowledge precisely and with a clear assessment. Evidence, references or certificates are a big plus.

The more precisely, compactly and clearly you present key competencies, the more convincing your application will be. Unimportant things only dilute the meaningfulness and distract from your suitability.

How do you write special knowledge on your résumé?

Special knowledge is given a separate section in the curriculum vitae. In this way, the vita remains structured and clear and HR managers can find the skills they are looking for at a glance.

Correct heading for the section

You can choose between different headings for the presentation in the curriculum vitae:

  • knowledge" (short and sweet)
  • Special Knowledge"(Pragmatic)
  • Knowledge and skills"(Classic)"
  • Skills"(Modern and international)
  • Qualifications and competencies"(Detailed and academic)

Name the section never "other". That has a pejorative effect. Using the most common and most important qualifications on your résumé, we will show you how to formulate and design special knowledge in your application.

linguistic proficiency

Global cooperation, international projects and customers are standard in many companies today. Often, candidates are required to have special language skills or are at least welcome. English is a basic requirement. A good language level is a must. You are relatively free to design and present this special knowledge. You can incorporate these in bullet points or graphically. A short profile looks modern as a graphic, for example:

For the indication of foreign language skills in the curriculum vitae the most important question is: how well do you really speak the language? That requires an honest self-assessment. You can use classic school grades for this, alternatively the following levels are possible for the language level:

  • Basic knowledge
  • Good knowledge
  • Very good knowledge
  • Business fluent in spoken and written
  • Native speaker

TIP: Always name language skills in descending order. In a list, the language you speak best comes first.


The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ​​(CEFR) is popular with HR professionals. In this, language skills in the résumé from A1 to C2 are assessed in six levels:
  • A1: You understand simple and everyday sentences and questions when spoken slowly and clearly.
  • A2: You can communicate in everyday, routine situations.
  • B1: Advanced language use is possible. You can talk about familiar topics in simple language.
  • B2: Fluent and spontaneous communication is not a problem. You can also understand more complex texts.
  • C1: Knowledgeable and flexible use of the language. You can interpret implicit meanings.
  • C2: You have almost the knowledge of a native speaker. You can even understand technical discussions with ease.

For some languages ​​there are also specialized tests to assess language proficiency: TOEFL (English), DELF (French), DELE (Spanish).

Reading tip:State your language skills correctly on your résumé.

EDP, computer and IT skills

EDP ​​and IT skills belong in almost every résumé today (modern generic terms: “computer skills”, “software skills”, “IT skills”). Which ones are mentioned and how detailed you describe them depends on the profession. The more often you need a skill in everyday work, the more important this knowledge is in your résumé. A graphic representation is also suitable for this:

The following list shows some of the most common technical skills:

  • Word processing: MS Word, Pages, Open Office
  • Spreadsheet: MS Excel, Numbers
  • Presentation: PowerPoint, Keynote, Prezi
  • Image editing: Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign
  • Operating systems: Windows, Mac OS, Linux
  • Programming languages: PHP, C ++, Java, Perl, Python
  • Social media: Instagram, Linkedin, Twitter, TikTok
  • Content management systems: WordPress, Joomla, TYPO3
  • Database management: Access, Oracle, MySQL

Common design and formulations are school grades combined with specific information on application and experience. Certificates and training courses add value to these. Examples:

  • "Very good knowledge of PowerPoint (3 years of active use," PowerPoint Masters "certificate)"
  • "Expert knowledge in Java and HTML (professional, daily use for 5 years)"
  • "Social media + content creation (Instagram, increase in the number of followers by 90% in 12 months)"

Always make sure that the software and skills mentioned are up-to-date. Outdated programs quickly create the impression that your skills are also out of date.

Reading tip:Specify computer skills correctly in the résumé.

Driving license and special knowledge

If the job advertisement requires certain skills, you should definitely mention them (if you have them). This can be, for example, a driver's license, which is required for driver jobs. Or specific skills in handling machines. Important: Always provide information about types or classes. Example driving license:

  • Class B driving license (car driving license)
  • Driving license class C (articulated vehicles over 3.5 tons)
  • Driving license class D (passenger transport over 16 people)
  • Driving license class T (tractors up to 60 km / h)
  • Forklift license
  • Boat license

However, a driver's license only counts as special knowledge in the résumé if this is explicitly required or is important for the job. If you only work in the office, you do not need to specify this. If, on the other hand, regular external assignments are part of the job, it can be a plus point.

Further qualifications can be: volunteering, advisory board, trainer license, instructor license, lifeguard.

Further education

Further education and training can be listed in a separate section of the curriculum vitae, but are fundamentally part of the special knowledge. Applicants show that they are interested in developing new skills and that their knowledge is up to date.

In any case, the formulation includes the time of the training. Include the period of the course or the time of graduation. You should also give the exact title of the training, the name of the institution where you took the course, and the specific skills you acquired. Example:

Soft skills

Soft skills are traditionally part of the application letter. But they can also be part of the special knowledge in the résumé. For example when it comes to methodical, personal and social skills. The following are regularly interesting for HR managers:

Soft skills only become key competencies if you not only list them in key points in the document, but also provide examples and previous jobs or hobbies. The skills are best suited for a graphic representation in a short profile at the beginning of the résumé.

Error in knowledge in the application

Skills and special knowledge on the résumé are an important category. This allows you to stand out from other candidates and show that your profile is an ideal match for the expectations and requirements of the job. Unfortunately, applicants often make mistakes when presenting their knowledge. You should avoid these:

  • No choice
    The most common mistake is to list all skills instead of selecting them. But that means they are no longer “special” knowledge. Please note: quality over quantity! A lot of special knowledge is useless if it is not related to the job. HR managers tend to be annoyed by this because they have to read unimportant information.
  • No specification
    Some applicants only mention generic terms. Example: "Knowledge of MS Office". That says nothing. The office suite is great. Only when you write how well you have mastered Word, Excel or PowerPoint does it become a specific competence.
  • No overview
    The more knowledge is given in the résumé, the more important the structure and clarity become. For example, list “IT skills”, “language skills” and “advanced training” separately.

Further content in the résumé

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