How is human skin made

How does the skin work?

The skin has a multitude of functions. As a stable but flexible cover, it protects the body from harmful environmental influences such as moisture, cold and sun rays as well as from pathogens and toxins.

The appearance of the skin provides a whole range of information at a glance - such as age and health status. Many diseases show up in a changed skin color or structure: People with too few red blood cells in the blood are pale, for example, and if the liver is inflamed, the skin turns yellow.

The skin also plays a vital role in regulating body temperature. It protects against dehydration and excessive exposure to extreme heat or cold. In addition, the body absorbs sensory impressions through the skin and makes it possible to feel warmth, cold, pressure, itching or pain. Some of these stimuli trigger a reflex: for example, we automatically pull our hand back if we accidentally touch a hot stove.

The skin also serves as a large reservoir for the body: water and fat can be stored in the subcutaneous tissue, but metabolic products can also be deposited. What is important for the whole body are also produced here.

When injured, the skin is supplied with more blood. Various components of the blood protect against inflammation and ensure that the wound can close. Cells later emerge to form new skin and blood vessels. Depending on how deep the wound is, it will heal with or without a scar.

In order to be able to perform all these tasks, the skin has three layers with different properties: the epidermis, the dermis and the subcutaneous tissue. The skin is also of different thicknesses depending on the region of the body and the level of stress. The thickness of the skin also depends on a person's age and gender: Overall, older people have thinner, men have thicker skin than women.