You can get calluses under your skin
Remove calluses - this is how it works!
They are often caused by poorly fitting shoes: Calluses are severely keratinized areas of the skin that occur mainly on the feet. Read here what works against it and when you should therefore see a doctor.
What are calluses?
Calluses (callositas) are demarcated, heavily calloused skin areas. They often occur when certain parts of the body are exposed to mechanical irritation or pressure over a long period of time - for example when shoes are badly fitted or too tight. Calluses occur in principle anywhere on the body, but mostly arise on bone-poor skin such as the heel.
A callus is often glassy, white-yellow to occasionally brownish. In addition to the heel, it occurs on the ball of the big toe and on the toe joints.
In contrast to corns, calluses do not extend into the deeper layers of the skin and usually do not cause pain. However, when the friction is very high, calluses thicken and become irritated. This causes a slight burning sensation or pain similar to that caused by nerve damage to the foot (interdigital nerve pain).
Remove calluses yourself or see a doctor?
In most cases, calluses are not dangerous but cosmetic in nature. You do not necessarily have to be treated by a doctor. Since calluses are often caused by external friction, the first step is to remove this external stimulus. When the pressure subsides, the callus usually recedes on its own.
However, if this is not the case and you continue to strain the callus, this often results in a crack. These are cracks in the skin that, depending on their depth, no longer grow together on their own. As a result, bacteria penetrate the body and multiply. In the worst case, there is a risk of blood poisoning. People with generally dry skin are particularly prone to cracks.
The tissue under calluses is also easily inflamed. This sometimes causes bursitis. Anyone who perceives pain and complications with calluses should therefore see a doctor early and seek treatment.
What helps against calluses on the feet?
If the callus was caused by external stress, it is important that you remove this pressure. Most calluses go away on their own within a week without medical or drug treatment.
If the callus hurts when walking, pad the shoes to equalize pressure - for example with foam rubber or felt. This absorbs the weight that would otherwise be on the callus. If you have calluses on the heel, don't wear shoes that are open at the back.
Uncomplicated calluses can be removed at home. But only do this in consultation with your doctor. If nothing speaks against it from his point of view, rub the thickened skin gently after a foot bath. It is important not to do this with a coarse corneal rasp. Otherwise, if you use it incorrectly, you will stimulate the cornea production even more. Nail files, sandpaper or a pumice stone are more suitable.
Treat the affected areas with keratolytic agents. These are active ingredients that soften and loosen the skin cells and thus encourage the peeling of the top layer of skin. Once you have removed the callus, wear a special ointment from the pharmacy. Naturopathy also recommends marigold ointment.
A doctor can also surgically remove a callus.
Home remedies for calluses!
There are various plants and herbs that, when added to a foot bath or as a compress, help soften the affected area on the foot and then remove the calluses with a file, pumice stone or sandpaper.
Chamomile tea baths have an anti-inflammatory effect and soften the callus. Bathe the affected area in chamomile tea for at least 15 minutes. If yellow spots appear on the skin, simply remove them with soap and water.
The ancient Indian spice fenugreek contains substances that soften the skin. It also has a gentle antibiotic effect. Boil 100 grams of powdered fenugreek seeds with about the same amount of water to make a chewy paste. Spread it on a cloth and place it on the affected area. Make four such envelopes a day.
Tie a slice of onion to the affected area with a gauze bandage. Leave the disc on for at least 15 minutes. By then, the callus should have loosened. It usually works on the second attempt at the latest. Then do a ten minute warm foot bath.
This is how calluses develop on the foot!
Calluses occur when the feet are subjected to heavy mechanical loads - this can be during sports, from shoes that are too tight or heels that are too high. Even those who do not wear socks in closed shoes in summer risk calluses. Because: The foot sweats, “sticks” to the shoe and is rubbed every time it rolls. Calluses often affect the ball of the foot, heel or toe.
Calluses are also caused by deformed feet such as arches, splayfoot or hallux valgus. Paralysis that leads to one-sided limping and one-sided strain, as well as fractures that have unfavorably grown together, also support excessive callus formation.
By taking various precautionary measures, you can help prevent calluses from developing. This includes the following points:
- Make sure your shoes are snug and comfortable. Avoid frequent wearing of heeled shoes.
- Do not wear synthetic or plastic-soled shoes. Also, avoid stockings made from synthetic fibers. This stimulates the production of the sweat glands to a greater extent.
- Run barefoot regularly in summer. Contact with different surfaces hardens the soles of your feet.
- The following applies in summer: If you spray powder or powder sprays on your skin, shoes or stockings, you prevent the skin from sweating and sticking in the shoe for a certain period of time.
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