Who was the architect of India Gate

India Gate in New Delhi, India

The India Gate is a huge triumphal arch in the center of the Indian capital New Delhi. It was erected in honor of the soldiers who fell for India. Especially on hot days and in the evenings, the extensive lawn around the India Gate is a popular meeting place for locals and tourists alike.

The India Gate is a huge triumphal arch in the center of the Indian capital New Delhi. Originally called the All India War Memorial, the memorial was erected in 1931 in honor of the British-Indian soldiers who died in World War I and the 1919 War in Afghanistan. The names of the known victims, 13,500 in number, are engraved on the stone. Since 1971 the India Gate has also been a memorial to the victims of the Bangladesh war.

The India Gate was designed by the British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens, who played an important role in the construction of New Delhi. The world-famous Arc de Triomphe in Paris served as a model. The huge triumphal arch is 42 meters high and consists of red and beige sandstone and granite blocks. Some of the main streets in New Delhi run in a star shape from India Gate.

Popular meeting point in New Delhi

There is no more car traffic around the India Gate itself, visitors can devote themselves to the monumental structure undisturbed.

As long as you can call that undisturbed. Especially in the evening hours, when the India Gate and the fountain in the area shine breathtakingly beautifully in colored light, not only tourists but also street vendors of all kinds gather at the foot of the triumphal arch. Many take the opportunity to have a picnic on the lawn under India Gate. You will definitely not starve there! The India Gate is particularly beautifully staged on national holidays.

Cultural, social or sporting events are always held on the spacious lawn, such as the first kite festival in November 2011. Clubs from all over India were present and the air was dominated by tiny to gigantic kites.

The eternal flame of the India Gate

There is a black marble shrine under the India Gate. The Amar Jawan Jyoti, the "Flame of the Immortal Soldier", which has been burning since 1971, marks the grave of the Unknown Soldier there, as a representative of all fallen fighters who are honored by the memorial. The president as well as the prime minister and guests of state regularly pay homage. The flags around the shrine represent the three armed forces of India, army, navy and air force. One representative each guards the India Gate and the grave of the Immortal Soldier in a rotating 24-hour shift.

Not far from India Gate is a somewhat deserted-looking canopy, also designed by Sir Lutyen. Appearances are not deceptive, originally there was a statue of King George V under the curved sandstone roof, which, however, was moved to Coronation Park together with several other statues in the 1960s. It is discussed that the empty space should be replaced by an image of Mahatma Gandhi.