What does YDS stand for in football

Soccer: the rules of the game

Football, you think, is easy. Nevertheless, the catalog of rules of the German Football Association is 120 pages long. What the referees have to remember! We introduce important and strange provisions

The jerseys

- A player has to Soccer shoesWear shin guards and socks over them.

- The team clothing must consist of a pair of shorts and a shirt with long or short sleeves. One-piece or skin-tight shirts are taboo.

- The jerseys must be in the trousers stuck.

- Jewellery is forbidden - underwear with advertising slogans too.

The team

- The teams are made up of at least seven and a maximum of eleven players. Speaking of which: If an eleven in the game shrinks to less than seven players, for example because there is a hail of red cards, the captain of the rump team can end the game - but only if the result speaks for the opponent.

- One player from each team must clearly as goalkeeper be recognizable.

Kick-off and halftime

- To kick off, the ball must rest on the Starting point lie.

- Before kick-off, the referee throws a coinwhich decides which team will shoot which goal. The captain who wins the coin toss has a choice. The other team has kick-off. Both change in the second half.

- The kick-off must be played forward - and can go straight into the goal walk.

- After 45 minutes, the teams have one Break to - usually 15 minutes.

Playing time

- A game lasts 90 minutes, at least! Most of the time, however, the referee allows a few minutes to replay because substitutions, the treatment of injured players or deliberate dawdling all cost time.

- Sometimes there is neat surcharge: In 2007, the referee let play in a district league game for 28 minutes!

renewal

- In tournaments such as the European Championship, it is necessary from the round of 16 clear winner. If this is not the case at the end of the game, there is an extension of 15 minutes twice. If there is still a tie, there will be a penalty shoot-out.

penalties shoot

- The referee sets this goal solid that is being shot at.

- Five each playereach team takes turns taking turns taking penalties - all of them must have been in the game at the end of extra time.

- If there is still a tie after five shots, other players from both teams must compete one after the other. The team that wins with the same Number of shots one more goal - which can take a while.

- 44 times Kickers had to compete in an Argentine league game at the penalty spot in 1988 until the result and the winner were finally determined - 20:19 for the Argentinos Juniors.

- Special rule for the Faroe Islands: Here the ball may be held by other players on the penalty spot - because of the strong wind ...

Free kick

If a teammate ...

... kick someone else;

... trips the opponent;

... bumps into him, jumps into him or presses him;

... hold on to the opponent;

... spits at him, hits or pokes ...

... then there is a free kick or even a penalty, if that Bullying happened in the penalty area in front of the goal.

The opponents must take at least a free kick 9.15 meters Keep your distance from the ball. This crooked number goes back to the first English football rules. 9.15 meters - that's ten yards, a British measure of length.

Indirect free kick

An indirect free kick (The ball may not be direct, only over one Teammates to get into the goal) the referee decides if ...

... a goalkeeper hits the ball in his own penalty area for more than six seconds Hands holds;

... he touches the ball with his hands that a teammate has with the foot adapts;

... a player denies his opponent path blocked ... or the opposing goalkeeper at the Ball rest with special needs.

Offside

It is the most complicated rule of football: the whistle is whistled offside if an attacking player 1 at passport of his teammate 2 ...

... in the opposing team half and is closer to the goal line than the ball;

... also the opposing goal line with his footis closer than the penultimate defending player 2 and

... active ins Game action intervenes. In other words, being on the sidelines is not forbidden if the player remains passive.

- The following also applies: im doubt for the attacker.

Hit

- A goal only counts if the ball goes behind the goal line with its entire circumference.

- Shoots or heads referee or one of his assistants accidentally scores, it counts. The referees are seen as "air" on the pitch.

Yellow and red cards in soccer

After a foul there is not only a free kick or penalty kick, but also personal penalties for the offender - yellow and red cards.

In 1966, traffic lights gave the officials the idea of ​​yellow (caution!) And red (stop!) Cards.

The yellow card

A red card means: Expulsion. A player receives them if he ...

... fouls or deliberately Hand game;

... a Foul play pretends (so-called swallow);

... against decisions the referee protests;

... dawdles to a Game delay to reach;

... the free kick Distance rulesdoes not comply;

... exaggerated after a goal and that shirtmoves out.

The red card

A yellow card as warning a referee shows a player if he is about ...

... grossly fouls an opponent and thereby his injury accepts;

... other player or extremely offended the referee;

... on purpose hand (or arm) plays to prevent a goal;

... fouls an attacker with a good chance to score, so the Emergency brake pulls;

... the second yellow card in the game. Then it is called "yellow-red".