You can drink tap water in Latvia

Baltic States / Practical information

  1. Destinations
  2. Baltic states
  3. Practical advice

  • Entry and exit
  • Drive
  • accommodation
  • Money matters
  • health
  • preparation
  • Behavioral advice

  • General country information


    The three states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in north-eastern Europe are referred to as the Baltic States. Its capitals are: Tallinn (Estonia), Riga (Latvia) and Vilnius (Lithuania).


    The German embassy is located in Tallin and can be reached as follows:

    Address: Tallinn Toom-Kuninga 11, 15048 Tallinn
    Phone: +372 627 53 00
    Fax: +372 627 53 04
    Postal address: Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, Toom-Kuninga 11, 15048 Tallinn, Estonia

    The German embassy is located in Riga and can be reached as follows:
    Address: Riga Raina Bulv. 13, 1050 Riga
    Phone: +371 67 08 51 00
    Fax: +371 67 08 51 49
    Postal address: Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, PO Box 186, 1050 Riga, Latvia

    The German embassy is located in Vilnius and can be reached as follows:
    Address: Wilna Z. Sierakausko g. 24, 03105 Vilnius.
    Phone: +370 5 210 64 00
    Fax: +370 5 210 64 46
    Postal address: Vokietijos Federacines Respublikos ambasada, Z. Sierakausko g. 24, 03105 Vilnius, Lietuva

    There is another German consulate in Klaipėda (+370 46 39 89 81)


    Given the prevalence of crime (especially pickpocketing at places frequented by tourists), the following common precautions should be observed:
    - If possible, park cars only in guarded parking spaces;
    - Never leave luggage unattended
    - Better leave valuables in the hotel
    - Avoid dark and deserted streets in the late evening hours.

    Celebrations and holidays

    White Nights
    Around Midsummer Day on June 23rd, the nights are particularly short and bright. This is when the Balts celebrate the Midsummer Festival. The highlight is the Johannesfeuer, which is lit before sunset and kept going until sunrise. In the country, the St. John's fire is kindled on a hill, using a tar barrel on a pole, a wagon wheel dipped in tar and wrapped in straw, or special torches. On the islands, disused boats are often burned according to an old tradition.

    During these days, some restaurants and local attractions are only open to a limited extent or are completely closed. Please inquire about the meal options in good time.

    Climate and travel time

    Summers have the mild charm of the Scandinavian climate. It gets very warm at times, so that you can sit outside for a long time in the evening. In between times, especially in midsummer, there can be heavy showers from time to time. But these never last long, rainy days are an exception.
    The winters are snow reliable in most places. In the coastal towns, the temperatures are similar to those in northern Germany. It can get very cold, especially in the hinterland.

    Time zone

    The time in the Baltic States is one hour ahead of Central European time.

    electricity and water

    As in Germany, the mains voltage is 230 volts / 50 Hz. The flat Euro plugs (2-pin) fit, for earthing contact plugs (3-pin) you need an adapter.

    Tourist Information

    There is a well-developed network of information offices, marked with the international "i".

    Costs on site

    Gasoline costs, if applicable costs for rental cars (see rental car conditions, e.g. one-way rental, permits, child seats etc.), if applicable environmental fee, food costs, costs for self-booked excursions on site, private expenses (e.g. costs for souvenirs, medicines, etc.), tips If applicable, entrance fees, if applicable transport costs (e.g. taxi, bus, train, ferry), if applicable tourist tax, if applicable parking lot fees

    Entry and exit

    Travel documents and formalities

    You need a passport or identity card that is valid for at least six months after your return trip. For children under 16 years of age, it is mandatory to have a photo ID with them.


    The regulations are constantly being revised. About
    - Estonia is available from
    - Latvia at and
    - Lithuania at


    (International driving licence

    A national driver's license is sufficient.


    In all three countries, a green insurance card is not mandatory, but recommended if you are traveling with your own car.

    Conduct in traffic

    In Estonia you have to drive with lights during the day, in Lithuania only in the winter months. Only Lithuania has a motorway network. The larger roads in Estonia and Latvia correspond to German federal highways, but are a bit bumpy. Side streets and driveways are often gravel and uneven. It may be advisable to book a vehicle of the SUV class or similar.
    In Estonia, the zero per mille limit applies, in Latvia and Lithuania it is almost zero.

    Speed ​​limit

    The maximum speed in Estonia and Latvia is 50 km / h in urban areas and 90 km / h on country roads. In Lithuania, the maximum speed is 60 km / h in urban areas, 110 km / h on the motorway and 90 km / h on the highway.

    Car breakdown / accident

    If your car breaks down, all you need to do is call the free breakdown service number of your rental car company. In Estonia, 112 is used for fire brigades / ambulances and 110 for the police. In Latvia, 112 has been set up as the central emergency number, in Lithuania it is only available from mobile phones. Otherwise, the following three numbers apply in Lithuania: fire brigade 01, police 02, ambulance 03.


    Unleaded petrol is everywhere, recognizable by the green filling nozzle. Regular petrol can be recognized by the octane number “95”, super by the number “98”. A red tap means "leaded" and the black one means "diesel". The supply of LPG is also ensured.


    Check in

    The hosts usually expect you to arrive in the afternoon (from 3 p.m. unless a different check-in time is specified in your records). If you plan to arrive after dark, please let your hosts know.


    Some of the accommodations, especially those that don't have a restaurant nearby, also offer dinner.
    If no dinner was booked through Umfulana, you have the option of booking this in advance while you are out and about. Please contact your hosts at least one day in advance. If you follow a vegetarian or vegan diet or have certain food allergies (e.g. do not tolerate gluten, wheat or dairy products), your hosts will be happy to take your wishes into account in the composition of the meals.

    Money matters


    The EUR is the valid currency in the Baltic States.

    Means of payment

    Credit cards such as VISA, Mastercard / Eurocard, Diner's Club, American Express etc. are accepted in most hotels, restaurants and shops. Most banks only accept the credit card together with the passport. Before you go on the trip, it is a good idea to discuss further details with your bank.


    Health insurance

    There is no social security agreement between Germany and the Baltic states. We therefore advise you to take out international health insurance.


    We recommend checking the general vaccination protection for diphtheria, tetanus (tetanus) and polio (polio). There is a seasonal risk of TBE in Estonia, please check with your doctor before traveling. Among others, the following vaccine-preventable diseases can occur in the region: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, rabies.

    Drinking water

    In some places, tap water is a mixture of groundwater and desalinated seawater and should - if at all - only be boiled to drink. It is best to ask on site.



    The morning and evening hours can often be quite cool in summer. In winter you should take warm clothes and warm shoes with you. You should always have a rain jacket in your luggage.


    In addition to the relevant travel guides, we recommend to prepare for a trip to the Baltic states:

    Frido Mann (grandson of Thomas), Mein Nidden, hardcover published by Mare Verlag or as a paperback by Fischer.

    Sabine Herre, instructions for use for the Baltic States, Piper Verlag.

    Behavioral advice

    Alcohol and cigarettes

    There is a comprehensive smoking ban: Smoking is prohibited by law in public buildings, shops (including tobacco shops), casinos, discos, cafes, hotels, restaurants and at work.
    The legal ban on smoking in hotels / accommodations initially applies to public areas, most hosts extend this to their rooms. Exceptions must be discussed in advance.


    Tips are already included in restaurant, hotel and taxi bills, but if you are satisfied with the service, a small amount of 5-10% is welcome.