Are elephants smarter than dolphins

The smartest animals in the world

It has long been known that we humans have the same ancestors as monkeys. Although humans have evolved in a different direction than their agile relatives, this does not mean that we are superior to these animals in every way. Man is also not the end of evolution, but merely an intermediate product that continues to develop in slow motion. We humans are just as integrated into the biological system as animals. So people who think that animals have a hard time keeping up with Homo sapiens when it comes to intelligence are wrong. Although animals do not achieve the computational and meta-cognitive abilities of humans, they are also true specialists when it comes to mastering their everyday lives. In some of the tasks that scientists give them for research purposes, they are even more intelligent and functional than most people.


Our closest relatives are anything but stupid: Chimpanzees repeatedly surprise us with their strong ability to learn. Some of us shine in games like chess or poker, in which not only the rules are observed, but the opponent's next move must also be anticipated. Although some people are closer to strategic thinking than others, this can also be trained over time. Exactly the same applies to chimpanzees: The great apes learn quickly, so that they do better than us, especially in memory tasks and strategic problem solving. Chimpanzees are also known to be extremely social animals that share their food, even if it does not seem to benefit the individual.


When a raven or crow has to make a tough decision, their brains have processes very similar to those of primates. The clever birds can understand hidden connections extremely quickly and even use tools to get to their food more quickly. Ravens are also true masters of planning. This is what scientists from Sweden found out when they gave the animals a series of complicated tasks. Thanks to their ability to think in abstract terms, the birds manage to pick up a stone with their beak and drop it through a small iron pipe to receive a reward. Another research institution even reports that crows can specifically manufacture tools from several components - the crown of intelligence in the animal kingdom.


With so many poor people, it's easy to lose control! However, this does not apply to octopods. Researchers have already shown that marine animals are capable of complex and controlled movements. Some even manage to open screw caps to get goodies. Squids also use their arms to build cozy caves. Since they have a particularly large brain, they are very capable of learning. The absence of bones also makes their bodies so flexible that they are already being trained to search for survivors in sunken ships.


In relation to their bodies, dolphins have a relatively large brain that has many folds. From the surface alone, it is even larger than our human brain. The pronounced thinking apparatus of the dolphins, which are often also referred to as bottlenose dolphins, results in a high level of intelligence: The graceful sea creatures recognize themselves in the mirror and even give their conspecifics names in order to communicate better with one another. Mammals also have a rounded organ in their head that works like a built-in compass and helps them with echolocation and orientation.


The massive sea creatures not only show acrobatic play behavior, but can also quickly translate human gestures into their own actions. The fantastic communication system with which the marine mammals communicate with one another is particularly impressive. This consists of clicks, innumerable tones and correct singing. Researchers even found that humpback whales sing songs that contain grammatical elements: each song is made up of sentence forms and tenses that turn sounds into whole sentences. Much like dolphins, whales tolerate close human proximity and show great compassion for living beings in need.


The gentle giants have incredible memories and can distinguish people based on their language, gender and age. It has been known for a long time that the pachyderms are very similar to humans, especially in the emotional area. You are extremely sensitive, socially competent and can even recognize yourself in the mirror. When a family member dies, the elephants grieve: Together they cover the corpse with earth and branches and return to the grave site of the deceased animal many years after the burial.

The more we find out about animals, the more layered and complex their existence appears. Through observation and behavioral research, we only get small glimpses into the world of their perception, communication and feelings. One thing is certain: animals are a lot more intelligent than most people assume.