Who can lead with a Schengen visa

Schengen visa

Information about Schengen visa countries

A total of 26 countries make up the Schengen area. There is a mutual agreement here, which grants the Schengen citizens full freedom of movement. Abolishes internal borders and strengthens external borders. 22 of these countries are members of the European Union, while 4 are members of the EFTA (European Free Trade Association).

In addition to the 26 member states of the In the Schengen area, three micro-states also belong to this area. A Schengen visa also grants entry to the following micro-states:

  • Vatican city
  • Monaco
  • San Marino

Ireland, Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia and Cyprus are part of the European Union, but belong not to the Schengen Agreement. Below is detailed information on the short-term visas for each of these countries.

Here is a list of Schengen member states for which non-Europeans who currently do not need a short-term entry visa will have to apply for an ETIAS travel authorization in the future if they want to travel to one of the ETIAS countries listed below:


22 European countries currently belong to the Schengen area:

  • EU Schengen
  • Non-EU Schengen countries
  • Non-Schengen EU countries

Non-EU member states:

Micro-states that are de facto part of the Schengen area:

  • Monaco
  • San Marino
  • Vatican city

Non-Schengen EU countries

  • Ireland
  • Romania
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus

Apart from these 26 Schengen states, there are 6 non-Schengen members of the European Union:

United Kingdom and Ireland

Most nationals from visa-free countries in the Schengen Area can travel to the UK without a prior visa application. This includes the following countries:

  • United States
  • Canada
  • Australia
  • Argentina
  • Mexico
  • Brazil
  • Japan
  • South Korea

Important NOTE: Citizens from the above countries do not need a visa if they are traveling to the UK for a short stay of a maximum of 90 consecutive days.

Even if a prior visa application is not required, travelers should be able to provide proof of sufficient financial resources or an official current residence document at passport control. The following is a list of the types of documents that allow border control officers to authorize the UK border to cross:

  • A bank statement or official letter from the applicant's employer with proof of earnings will help provide evidence of the traveller's financial situation and ability to be self-sufficient while in the UK.
  • Proof of legal residence or an invoice on which the name and address of the traveler are clearly visible
  • Proof of employment or ongoing studies
  • Travelers under the age of 18 are advised to provide a birth certificate and a letter from their parents confirming the reason for travel, such as: E.g .: living situation and financial situation. A copy of the parents' passports may also be required.

These are the general border crossing regulations for citizens from visa-free countries. Similar evidence is required from applicants for a standard UK visa.

Republic of Ireland

The Republic of Ireland is still not part of the Schengen area. However, there are many countries whose citizens can enter Ireland without having to apply for a visa. These countries include:

  • United States
  • Canada
  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • Taiwan
  • South Korea
  • Japan and more.

While citizens from the above countries do not currently require a visa to travel to Ireland, it is very likely that this will change in the near future and they will need an ETIAS visa waiver to cross the Irish border. To find out more about the visa regime in Ireland, visit the official website of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade ..


Like the rest of the countries on this list, too Romania is not yet part of the Schengen area. However, Romania is a member of the European Union. The Romanian government has decided to allow foreigners who hold a Schengen visa to enter Romania for a short stay, provided they meet all the requirements.

US citizens do not need a visa to enter Romania for a period of up to 90 days, every 180 days (6 months). Once the However, the ETIAS application has been implemented and comes into force, this will change, and citizens from countries that do not currently require a visa to enter Romania, including the US, must apply for an ETIAS.


On January 25, 2012, the Bulgarian government decided that all Schengen visa holders can enter and leave Bulgaria. There are, however some requirements to be observed:

  • Third-country nationals must have a valid Schengen visa with them.
  • The number of entries and the length of stay in Bulgaria must not exceed the period of validity of the Schengen visa.
  • People who have exceeded the number of entries and / or days in the Schengen area specified in their Schengen visa will not be able to enter Bulgaria with the same visa.
  • A valid national short-term visa for Ireland, Great Britain, Cyprus, Romania or Croatia does not allow its holder to enter Bulgaria.

After the introduction of the ETIAS travel authorization system, all citizens from the 59 countries including the US who currently do not require a visa for Bulgaria will be required to complete an ETIAS online application.


Croatia is one of the few countries that did not require visas from US, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and EU citizens even before joining the European Union in 2013. There are currently over 50 other countries whose nationals can enter and leave Croatia without a visa, but as Croatia is part of the ETIAS agreement, this is about to change and citizens from the visa-exempt countries will need one Apply for ETIAS travel authorization.


Cyprus, like the other countries on the non-European Schengen list, does not require citizens from over 50 different countries to apply for a visa before entering Cyprus. However, this is about to change and Cyprus will require an ETIAS visa from all visitors.

Types of Schengen Visa

One of one of the Schengen visa issued to Schengen member states entitle its holderto move freely in the Schengen states and to cross the internal borders of the EU. Such a visa also gives the traveler the right to all Visit EFTA Schengen countries. The member states of the European Union that do not belong to the Schengen countries grant non-Europeans visa-free entry, provided they have a valid Schengen visa and provided that the non-Schengen European country has an agreement with this country on exemption from the Has a visa requirement (see information per country above).

There are three types of Schengen visa:


The uniform Schengen visa is an authorization issued by one of the member countries of the Schengen area. Holders can thus stay in the region every 3 months for a maximum of 90 consecutive days from the date of entry. The UPS can also be used as a transit visa.

There are 3 sub-categories of the uniform Schengen visa:

  1. Single entry visa: The uniform Schengen visa allows its holder to enter a Schengen country once for a limited period of time. After the foreign visitor leaves the country, the visa expires automatically.

  2. Double-entry visa: The above regulations also apply to the double visa. The only difference is that a double visa holder can enter a Schengen member state twice. After the second exit (i.e. the second crossing of an external Schengen border), the visa expires automatically.

  3. Multiple visa: Holders of a multiple visa can enter and leave the Schengen member states as often as they like during the validity period of the visa. However, you may not stay there for more than 90 consecutive days (and every 6 months) from the date of entry into the Schengen country from a non-Schengen member state.

2. Limited Territorial Validation Visa (LTV)

LTV holders are only allowed to enter the Schengen country that issued the visa. You cannot travel to other Schengen countries unless this has been previously approved as part of the visa application process. Holders of an LTV visa are not allowed to enter or travel through a country other than the country that issued the visa.

3. National Visa

National visas are issued to people who study, work or stay permanently in one of the countries in the Schengen area. Under normal circumstances, the national visa is a single entry visa for a limited period of time that would cover the exact purpose of the applicant's visa application, whether it is a work or educational visa.

Below are the requirements for applying for a national multiple visa listed:

  • An official document confirming the international education program with a maximum residence permit of one year.
  • The candidate applies for an educational position at a higher research or educational center.
  • The applicant is a professional who travels to Europe because of his or her knowledge of sports, arts or any other profession related to sharing expertise.
  • An emergency prevents the person from returning to their home country and they are obliged to stay in the Schengen area for a certain period of time.

Schengen tourist visa requirements

Find below A guide to the general requirements for a Schengen visa. However, it is advisable to consult the local embassy / consulate for further information Information about your individual application and the location of the Schengen visa interviews to get.

  • Fill this Visa application form and sign it.
  • Include a recent passport photo that shows a full, clear, and frontal view of your face against a white or off-white background.
  • The traveller's passport along with photocopies of all previous Schengen visas. The passport must have at least 2 blank pages and be valid for at least 3 months before departure.
  • Receipts for outward and return journeys including hotel / room / flight bookings with their identifying reservation numbers. The flight information must indicate the entry and exit dates of the traveler clearly indicate the Schengen area.
  • Travel health insurance covering the entire travel period within the Schengen member states.
  • Proof of sufficient financial means to support yourself during the trip.

European travel information

and authorization system

ETIAS stands for European Travel Information and Authorization System. It is a new proposal from the European Commission for a border control system aimed at strengthening the external borders of the European Union.



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