What are wisdom teeth and their problems

Problems with the wisdom teeth

The third molar, also known as the wisdom tooth, is the eighth and last tooth in the jaw. Usually it sprouts in the third decade of life, when man has come to "understanding" and become "wise". It is a remnant of evolution, back then humans needed it for crushing and chopping solid food. Today, because of changes in the way people eat food, they have lost their purpose. Because they can cause numerous problems in the mouth, they will likely be removed at some point.

Because of their location, it is not easy to care for and clean. They often press the neighboring teeth and cause crowding in the jaw. In such cases it is best to pull them out as soon as possible to prevent problems. When and how the wisdom teeth are pulled depends on the problems with them.

If a cyst has formed around the wisdom tooth, it puts other neighboring teeth at risk. Such removal is complicated because the cyst is practically a hole in the bone, at this point the bone is much thinner. If the procedure is rough, it can break the jaw. The situation is similar with wisdom teeth that have no place to sprout, in such a case an infection develops in their surroundings. If this infection recurs, it can also lead to bone destruction. In the event of a “dislocation”, the wisdom tooth can grow obliquely or below the gums, pressing on the roots of neighboring teeth and causing great pain. However, if it grows far away from the row of teeth, it can rest and only needs to be checked regularly.

The wisdom teeth are pulled when they clench other teeth while sprouting, a particular mishap occurs when the other teeth form a perfect orthodontic row and then the wisdom teeth spoil the whole. Your dentist will be able to see what actually happens on the orthopan (x-ray of your teeth).

However, if you have decided to have it removed, do it ASAP, preferably in your 20s, as long as the tooth root and jaw still haven't fully developed. In your 30s, the jaw hardens and it takes longer to recover.

After the wisdom tooth has been extracted, you will receive post-operative instructions. Cotton wool is placed on the wound and should be left for about an hour to prevent bleeding and promote clotting. Do not rinse the wound for 24 hours after the tooth has been extracted and do not touch the wound for the next few days. Any sucking is prohibited, e.g. B. Drinking with a straw or smoking to avoid disturbing the clot. They are also likely to be prescribed pain relievers to relieve discomfort, and cold compresses on the cheek to reduce swelling are also recommended. You may also be given antibiotics to prevent infection at the extraction site.

If the wisdom teeth grow normally and do not endanger the neighboring teeth, your dentist will assess whether it is necessary to pull them at all. In some people, with good care, they can last for years.

On the other hand, there are many dentists out there who will definitely recommend that you seek them out. The prosthodontists do not share this opinion, the removal of healthy teeth, because the wisdom teeth may one day in the future be good carriers for bridges and dentures.