How will globalization affect human evolution

Influences, connections, effects

Evolution pp 201-413 | Cite as

  • Marianne Sommer
  • Ulf von Rauchhaupt
  • Manuela Lenzen
  • Andre Gingrich
  • Christian Geulen
  • Georg Toepfer
  • Karl Eibl
  • Werner Güth
  • Hartmut Kliemt
  • Michael Hampe
  • Richard H. Beyler
  • Sven Walter
  • Marc Amstutz
  • Peter-Ulrich Merz-Benz
  • Ludwig Hunter
  • Hans Werner Ingensiep
  • Ingo Brigandt
  • Jakob Tanner
  • Hans-Walter Schmuhl
  • Angela Black
  • Winfried Menninghaus
  • Michael Gamper


The effect of the theory of evolution on the scientific consideration of the biological and cultural history of mankind and its varieties must be viewed against the background of pre-evolutionary concepts. The counter theories of monogenism and polygenism as well as the image of the chain of living beings are particularly relevant. They go way back in history. The genealogy of mankind was established in the Middle Ages according to the genesis derived from the sons of Noah. In the course of early modern encounters with non-Christian West Africa and the pagans of the New World, the tribes of Japhets, Shems and Hams were consistently identified with the inhabitants of the continents of Europe, Asia and Africa. The "discovery" of the Amerindians added another human variety. It led to a polygenetic theory that contradicted the dominant assumption of a unified human creation. Isaac La Peyrère ventured the hypothesis that the Amerinds were descendants of a first creation of God - preadamites (Praeadamitae, 1655).

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