Brown bears can climb trees

The brown bear has the strongest skeleton of all great bears. The humpbacked one, formed from muscles, is noticeable Withers over the shoulders, the ears are clearly visible. The fur of the European brown bear is mostly brown in color, but there are also different shades. In young animals, a light-colored collar sometimes appears in the fur. The American grizzly bear and the one native to Alaska and exceptionally large Kodiak bear represent subspecies of the brown bear. The fur of the grizzly appears rather gray (grizzly, engl. grayish), but also black formations occur. The weight of the brown bears varies greatly depending on the area. On the south coast of Alaska, for example, male Kodiak bears can weigh up to 780 kilograms. The Russian and Northern European brown bears weigh an average of only 200 to 300 kilograms, while some specimens in southern Europe and the Alps even weigh less than 100 kilograms.

Typical of a bear is the inconspicuous stubby tail and the four feet, all with five toes and up to eight centimeters long Claws are occupied. Compared to cats, the bear cannot feed these in. The Sole walker puts the entire sole of his foot on when touching down. The bales are well insisted. The bears have 42 teeth (formulas 3/3, 1/1, 4/4, 2/3). The sense of sight and hearing in the brown bear are not so well developed, but they have an excellent sense of smell. Brown bears move sluggishly forwards in the passageway. This type of locomotion is characterized by an alternating movement of the right and left legs. Brown bears can run very quickly and can reach up to 50 kilometers per hour. Swimming is also not a problem. Young bears like to climb around trees, while climbing is more of a problem for adult animals due to their weight.

The eating habits of the brown bear are very diverse. He plunders potato fields, steals honey in bees' nests, he hunts for bird nests or fishes for salmon in the rivers. Vegetable food consists of grasses, roots or fruits such as berries and nuts, and mushrooms are also eaten with pleasure. Brown bears turn stones over and look for insects or their larvae. Numerous rodents such as ground squirrels, alpine marmots and voles are also eaten. The grizzly bears in the Rocky Mountains even hunt for larger mammals such as elk, reindeer or bison.

A male mates with several females in early summer. After fertilization, the fertilized egg cell remains in the female's uterus for up to five months. Only when the hibernation begins, the egg cell nests and the actual gestation period begins. Before winter, the brown bear eats up a reserve of fat. Then he goes into a cave and spends the winter rest there. During this time - from January to March - the pregnant she-bear gives birth to two or three cubs, which she raises herself and vigorously guards. The mother behaves very aggressively during this time, an encounter with her can be fatal, male bears are also attacked immediately if they approach. The young bears are suckled for five months. The mother is ready to conceive again after two to four years, the boys are allowed to stay with her until then, only then are they chased away.

The largest land predator on earth was once spread across Europe. Today brown bears can still be found sporadically in the Alps, the Carpathians, Abruzzo, Scandinavia, Russia and Asia, Alaska and North America. The bears were exterminated in their original habitats in the German-speaking countries mainly through hunting and destruction of the habitat by humans. At the end of the 20th century, brown bears were resettled in the Austrian Alps. Individual bears migrated from the Italian population to over the Alps. Despite all efforts, resettlement is difficult. Bears pose a problem when they begin to look for human waste. It seems questionable whether it is justified to shoot down such a "problem bear". Usually, the brown bear eschews humans in the wild, so he mostly goes for food at night.