When did Pax Americana end and how

Pax Americana in the Middle East - A theoretical approach to the role of extraregional actors after 1990 (eBook, PDF)

Student thesis from 2002 in the Department of Politics - International Politics - Region: Middle East, Middle East, grade: 1.7, Friedrich Schiller University Jena (Institute for Political Science), event: The Middle East Conflict in International Politics, 15 Sources in the bibliography, language: German, abstract: Sometime between the people's movement in the GDR in autumn 1989 and the final collapse of the Soviet Union in January 1992, the Cold War ended and with it the 40-year-long East-West that dominated the 'world order' -Conflict. This fundamental change from a bipolar structure shaped by two superpowers to a uni- or multipolar world - depending on the interpretation and perspective - was accompanied by structural changes beyond the direct superpower rivalry. If regional conflicts were to a large extent integrated into the bipolar world order in the period from 1945-1990, they emerged openly afterwards. In addition, the disintegration of the two socialist multi-ethnic states, Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union, created new regional trouble spots in the Balkans and on the periphery of the former superpower. 'Regionalization' is therefore the catchphrase that has characterized developments since 1990 alongside 'globalization'. Such a fundamental change in the realities of international relations can understandably not bypass theory-building political science. The theories of the integration of regional subsystems in 'world politics', which were put forward for the period from 1945-1990, became obsolete in 1990, as they were based on the influence of bipolarity in the regional order. (The patron-client relationship, the penetrated political system and the regional subsystem are to be mentioned here) A theory was therefore necessary that did justice to the new circumstances, i.e. the existence of only one remaining superpower, the USA. One such attempt was made with the Pax Americana study in the Middle East. A study on the transformation of regional orders undertaken. It is not a simple regional study on the Middle East, but tries to use its example to develop a generalizable theory on the role of extra-regional actors after the East-West conflict. This attempt shall be presented here and critically questioned. [...]

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  • Product details
  • Published by GRIN Verlag
  • Number of pages: 18
  • Release Date: June 14, 2005
  • German
  • ISBN-13: 9783638387347
  • Item no .: 37706976