What are some arguments about science

science(No) Limits For the research

Art and science, research and teaching are free. This is what it says in Article 5 of the Basic Law. The fact that we afford this fundamental right is not only important for our scientists, but for each and every one of us.

If fracking is banned in general, then the freedom of research is at risk. That's what Barbara Hendricks said. The Federal Environment Minister speaks out against an absolute fracking ban in Germany. With this method, gas and oil deposits are to be extracted from rock layers. However, opponents see a great danger in this type of energy generation. They fail to understand why research on fracking should be justified by freedom of research.

"Knowledge is one of the basic requirements that the individual needs in order to be able to lead his life independently."

This example shows how strongly the freedom of research can compete with other fundamental rights. And there are many more examples: animal experiments, stem cell research, green genetic engineering and so on. But why do we even afford such an "expensive" basic right? Because knowledge means self-determination, says the philosopher Torsten Wilholt.

"In a world in which we have to rely more and more on the sciences for politically relevant issues, their political independence is very important for the democratic process."

In his lecture, Wilholt examines the arguments for freedom of research - namely epistemological, political and economic arguments. He also stresses that this fundamental right has to be weighed against others and talks about the difficulties involved. The philosopher sees freedom of research in danger.

Torsten Wilholt is Managing Director of the Institute for Philosophy at Leibniz University Hannover. Even in his habilitation, he dealt with the philosophical foundations of freedom of research. He initially taught at the University of Stuttgart, and since 2011 he has been Professor of Philosophy and History of Natural Sciences at the Leibniz University of Hanover. His lecture was the prelude to the academy lectures of the Academy of Sciences in Hamburg and was recorded on April 16, 2015.