Why are my muscles contracting

It's hard to believe that muscles can hurt so much!

Sitting at the PC for long periods of time is often the trigger
Back pain and muscle tension.
Image source: © Gina Sanders | Fotolia / Adobe Stock | 48183351

Tense muscles are often the cause of massive pain

When it comes to the anatomy of the bones and body muscles of the human being, it is not for nothing that one speaks of Musculoskeletal system, but this is usually not moved enough. Sitting at the computer for long periods of time, using the elevator and car, lounging on the couch in front of the television - this is what most people's everyday life looks like. However, humans are not primarily programmed for sitting, but rather their anatomy for predominantly walking and moving.

In order to keep muscles, bones and joints as well as the cardiovascular system going, you should walk at least 10,000 steps per day, climb stairs, do regular exercises to strengthen and stretch the core muscles and work on the PC e.g. B. make it more varied with standing desks.

Shortening of muscles and fasciae due to lack of exercise and stress

Insufficient movement and insufficient stretching of the muscles and fasciae lead to their shortening, which limits the range of motion. What used to be possible without any problems, for example touching the floor with your fingertips from a standing position, fails because of the untrained, unstretched and shortened muscles.
Shortened muscles tend to Tension and cramping; an untrained movement or unfamiliar activity is often enough to trigger massive muscle pain. Mostly the neck, shoulders and back are affected.


Stress is poison for the muscles

Then comes chronic stress in addition, the tension increases, the pain can become unbearable and manifest as burning, pulling and stinging. Often they also radiate diffusely, because the pain is carried on to other parts of the body via muscular connections and neuromuscular mechanisms. For example, pain due to tense muscles in the lower back can even radiate into the abdominal region and thus make a causal diagnosis more difficult.


Tension of the chewing, face and head muscles

In addition to lack of exercise, stress or one-sided, incorrect muscle training, tension and cramps can also have another cause. Functional disorders in the chewing system - one speaks of craniomandibular dysfunction CMD - can lead to massive tension in the chewing, facial and head muscles. A common trigger for this is bruxism, the clenching and grinding of teeth that usually occurs at night.

Although these relationships are now known, they are not yet treated in a sufficiently interdisciplinary manner. Dental CMD specialists who work closely with others are responsible for diagnosis and treatment Specialists and physiotherapists work together to get to the bottom of the complaints together.

In the case of extreme pain in the lower back, an orthopedic surgeon should clarify whether there is a herniated disc. If the dentist feels the muscle pain on the tooth and determines a myoarthropathy due to a "wrong bite", he can remedy the situation with splint therapy (DROS® splint).

Sitting at a PC for long periods of time often triggers back pain and muscle tension
Image source: © Gina Sanders | Fotolia / Adobe Stock | 48183351


Pain relief through targeted treatment by a physiotherapist

If the pain is primarily caused by the muscles, it is advisable to consult an experienced physiotherapist who knows the exact location, origin and insertion of the muscles and muscle groups and their interaction and can offer helpful treatment concepts. These include B. the manual therapy, craniosacral / visceral therapy, spine therapy according to DORN and manual lymphatic drainage.

The professional physiotherapeutic Self-treatment training With strengthening and stretching exercises for the affected muscle groups, pain can also be relieved within a relatively short period of time - provided that the patient does this regularly.

Specialized physiotherapists support the dental CMD therapy with techniques for muscle relaxation and improvement of the functional mobility of the temporomandibular joint and cervical spine, thereby alleviating the pain symptoms.


Stress reduction is extremely important

Tense muscles need to be treated from two sides:
On the one hand through targeted treatment of the muscles themselves, on the other hand through targeted measures to reduce stress.
Only when it is possible to reduce the stress can the other measures also have an effect, because chronic stress, fears, restlessness and unresolved emotional conflicts keep the tension process “going”.

There is also this Treatment concepts in the practice for physiotherapy. They include learning of Relaxation techniques, how autogenic training, EFT- emotional freedom techniques or general stress management.

Here you will find the physiotherapist and alternative practitioner Roland Lang in Munich-Großhadern, who specializes in CMD