What is Art Garfunkel famous for?

Art Garfunkel was born Arthur Ira Garfunkel on November 5, 1941 in Forest Hills, Queens, New York. His ancestors are Jewish Romanians in Europe, his father Jacob "Jack" Garfunkel earned a living for the family as a traveling salesman, his mother was a housewife. Son "Art", as he was called for short, grew up with his two siblings, the older brother Jules and the younger Jerome. Together with his school friend Paul Simon1) he sang for the first time in 1955 at a performance at "Forest Hills High School" and both decided to write pieces together. In 1957 they then appeared as the singing duo "Tom & Jerry"; Art Garfunkel was "Tom", Paul Simon was "Jerry". At the end of the same year, the song "Hey! Schoolgirl" made it into the top 50 of the American charts. After further songs did not bring the desired success and the high school years came to an end in 1959, they separated and initially lost sight of each other.
Art Garfunkel did his "Bachelor of Arts" at "Columbia College" (Manhattan) in art history and later began studying mathematics and architecture at "Columbia University", while unsuccessfully recording single records as "Artie Garr". At the end of 1963 he teamed up again with Paul Simon and both played folk-oriented pieces under the name "Simon & Garfunkel". The first records received little attention at first, but some numbers from the LP "Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M."2) should later become hits for the duo. Without informing Simon or Garfunkel, the CBS successfully released the title "The Sound Of Silence" as a single at the end of 19652) on the market. The record came to number 1 in the US charts - and made the duo "Simon & Garfunkel" immediately known internationally.
 
Photo: Art Garfunkel (left) and Paul Simon 1980
Author: Eddie Mallin; License: CC-BY-SA 2.0
Source: Wikimedia Commons from www.flickr.com
With gentle and melancholy songs, almost all of which were penned by Paul Simon, they became the most successful pop duo of their time over the next few years. In 1966 the titles "Homeward Bound" and "I am Rock" followed and in 1968 the title song "Mrs. Robinson" emerged from the society satire "maturity test"2) ("The Graduate", with Dustin Hoffman) to the mega-hit of the year. In 1970 they had other front runners with the numbers "Bridge Over Troubled Water"2) and "Cecilia"; the most successful single in Germany was "El Condor Pasa" in mid-1970. The duo won five Grammys during this time - two in 1968 and three more in 1970.
At the beginning of 1970 it was already clear that the duo wanted to separate; In 1971 both started a solo career. In autumn 1973, after a long break, Art Garfunkel released another single: Jimmy Webb had written the track "All I Know", which made it to number 9 in the American charts; in the same year Garfunkel had released his first solo album "Angel Clare". In September 1975 he achieved number 1 in Great Britain with "I Only Have Eyes For You"; In the same year, Simon & Garfunkel got together again, recorded the song "My Little Town" in Toronto and promptly landed in the charts. Otherwise, the former duo continued to go their separate ways. It was a little quieter around Art Garfunkel until the end of the 1970s, it wasn't until 1979 that he succeeded with "Bright Eyes"2)who have favourited Mike Batt2)-Composition from the cartoon "Down by the river"2) (1978, Watership Down), again a front runner in Great Britain. The record, which came in at number 3 in Germany, was in the British charts for 19 weeks and sold millions of copies; also the album "Fate For Breakfast" 81979), on which the hit hit could be heard, became a "bestseller". After that, Art Garfunkel no longer appeared in the "Top 100".
  
In the 1980s, the singer devoted himself more to acting, he had already played the role of Captain Nately in Mike Nichols' anti-war film or black comedy "Catch-22" (Catch-22), and in 1971 in his "The art of loving" (Carnal Knowledge) took on the role of Sandy alongside Ann-Margret, Candice Bergen and Jack Nicholson. In Nicolas Roeg's drama "Black out - Anatomy of a Passion" (Bad Timing) he appeared in the male lead of psychoanalyst Alex Linden in 1980, and in 1986 as S. D. Blass in Blaine Novak's "Good to Go". Other roles included 1990 that of Georgie Porgie in the TV movie "Mother Goose Rock 'n' Rhyme" and in 1993 that of Dr. Lawrence Augustine in Jennifer Lynch's controversial drama "Boxing Helena"2); In 1998 he played in "Fifty-Four".
 
Every now and then there was a reunion with Paul Simon: The two singers celebrated their most successful reunification in front of a large audience on September 19, 1981: Since the city council of New York and its mayor Ed Koch planned to close "Central Park" for cost reasons, some artists came there during this time and gave benefit concerts. More than 500,000 spectators were present at the "Simon & Garfunkel" concert, and since the originally planned fireworks were forbidden for this evening, there was a large sea of ​​burning lighters at the end of "The Sound of Silence". Paul Simon thanked Ed Koch, among others, for holding the concert, which at first led to isolated whistles, but when the irony in Simon's speech was recognized, it turned into great applause. The recording was released as a double LP. This was followed by a short world tour, which brought the duo to Germany for a few appearances in 1982. A short time later, "Simon & Garfunkel" began again with the production of a joint album, but gave up the project again quite quickly (Paul Simon used the songs on his album "Hearts and bones", but without Garfunkels contributions).3)
In the following years there were "Reunion" concerts, mostly for charitable purposes, including in 1993. As a soloist, the singer with the melodic and expressive tenor voice gave countless concerts around the globe and continued to release his albums successfully like for example "Lefty" in 1988 or "Songs From A Parent To A Child" in 1997, which was dedicated to his son James and which was nominated for a "Grammy". The album is a collection of folk children's songs, which also includes a duet with son James. More recently, Art Garfunkel toured seven German cities during a European tour in the spring of 2003, introducing his new album "Everything Waits to Be Noticed", but also sang old "Simon & Garfunkel" classics. In February 2003 Simon and Garfunkel received a "Grammy" for their life's work. On this occasion the duo got together again and at the end of 2003 began the "Old Friends Tour" through the USA, Europe and Japan. Recordings of this tour were released in 2004 on double CD and DVD under the title "Old Friends". There was also a new studio recording by the duo on it, titled "Citizen of the Planet."4)
With "Some Enchanted Evening"2) Art Garfunkel released his twelfth solo album in 2007, followed by "The Singer" (2010).
Since the winter of 2010, Garfunkel had been suffering from vocal cord problems that made it almost impossible for him to perform. Several attempts at comeback had to be canceled because the voice could not withstand the strain. The vocal cord problems have been overcome since the beginning of 2014. He's touring the An Intimate Evening With Art Garfunkel program again and says his voice is 96 percent back.5)

From 1972 to 1975 Art Garfunkel was married to his childhood sweetheart Linda Grossman, after which he lived with the actress and photographer Lauri Bird2) who committed suicide on June 15, 1979 in the apartment she shared with Garfunkel. The artist has been married to actress and singer Kim Cermank since September 18, 1988; their son Arthur was born on December 15, 1990. Son Beau saw the light of day on October 5, 2005 and Art Garfunkel, then 63, became a father for the second time.