Why do I always have ghost dreams

Doctors have described more sleep disorders than could be accommodated in the longest night. The strangest among them are the parasomnias, which include nocturnal speaking, sleepwalking, and nightmares. Hardly any of these disorders have been extensively researched, although they are all extremely interesting. The parasomnias show that falling asleep, sleeping and waking up are complicated mechanisms in which many different body functions are involved: hormones, the nervous system, blood circulation, breathing and muscle tension play a role. In the control of these processes, everything does not always go according to plan. It can lead to disturbances and overlapping of waking and sleeping states or different phases of sleep. Most people are affected by such conditions at some point. They are almost always harmless. What you should know about parasomnias so as not to be robbed of sleep.

The big jolt through the body - twitching to sleep

You are just about to slip into sleep when the muscle relaxation associated with falling asleep turns into the opposite. A violent muscle contraction shoots through the body. Often it feels like being jerked out of bed. And then the embarrassment: did I just scream? Quite possible, a scream can occur with these twitches. But for all those who believe that the nocturnal occurrence marks the beginning of nervous tics and spasms, be assured: the phenomenon is widespread and harmless.

Affected: About 60 to 70 percent of all people experience the twitch, also known as myoclonia, from time to time. Sometimes only the bed partner notices something.

Causes / triggers: The twitching to fall asleep is favored by evening caffeine consumption, strenuous or disturbing activities before going to sleep as well as stress.

Treatment: As a rule, no treatment is necessary. In extreme cases, the twitching can lead to difficulty falling asleep. In that case, a sleep specialist should be consulted.

More harmless than it sounds - exploding head syndrome

The name sounds terrible, but the phenomenon is just as harmless as the spasms of falling asleep with which it occasionally occurs. Before falling asleep, sufferers hear a loud noise that seems to come out of their head. Some believe they see a flash of lightning.

Affected: It is a very rare phenomenon that predominantly occurs in the elderly.

Causes / triggers: Stress and lack of sleep are probably partly responsible for the misperception.

Treatment: If the syndrome occurs more frequently, relaxation exercises and a calmer lifestyle may help.