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Engineer: tasks, training, salary + application
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"Engineer" is an umbrella term for a profession in which the practitioner plans and develops. These can be technical products, machines as well as buildings and much more. One of the most varied jobs there is hidden behind the job description of an engineer. Interested parties have a number of opportunities to specialize even before they begin their studies. What areas are there for engineers, what salary you can expect and what you can expect during your studies ...
➠ Content: This is what awaits you
➠ Content: This is what awaits you
Engineer areas + tasks
Engineers are, in the truest sense of the word, the foundation of the economy. There are several areas, so that depending on the orientation, an engineer has the following tasks:
- Civil engineers
oversee the expansion of the road and rail network as well as industrial and building construction projects. Planning, technology, statics and functionality are the focus of their work.
- Mechanical engineers
Similar to development and electrical engineers, they take care of the development, modernization and maintenance of new machines, systems, production or construction processes. Depending on the industry, the boundaries can be fluid here.
- Development engineers
For example, they tend to deal with long-term trends and perspectives, while mechanical and electrical engineers tend to deal with the practical implementation of specific orders.
- Industrial engineers
are considered the generalists in engineering. They have both the economic and the technical side in view and are versatile because they have extensive knowledge. You can be used as a consultant, controller or project manager. The choice of specialization options in this area is almost unlimited.
- Sales engineer
can be used in a similarly wide range. In addition to the technical and organizational perspective, they also bring marketing knowledge to their work. You are considered to be the link between engineering and sales.
So there is little that unites the individual engineers. Therefore, the activities at this point can only be summarized in general terms and are only intended to give a first impression, without claiming to be complete. For example, the daily routine of an engineer can be characterized by the following content:
- Customer meetings
- Planning and design
- Static calculations
- Project management in the implementation of development projects
- Coordination of the teams involved
- Acceptance and handover of the results
- Obtaining permits from authorities
- Registration of patents
- and much more
The engineering profession is usually very heavy on mathematics and technology. At the same time, the job is creative and varied, as new parameters apply to each new order. That takes a lot of imagination. The job often involves a lot of travel. As companies increasingly think globally, the engineer can experience significant work peaks at peak times that require overtime. The workload is therefore extremely high for many engineers and their job is characterized by stress and time pressure.
Engineers either have to complete a degree at a technical college or university or a dual degree. In the past, engineering graduated with a diploma; today, the bachelor's degree or, based on it, the master's degree largely replaces the diploma. A degree in engineering is possible in the following areas:
- Civil engineer
- Electrical engineer
- Industrial engineer
- Mechanical engineer
- Sales engineer
- Development engineer
As different as the later professions are, the content of the courses is just as different. Depending on the specialization, the following content can be on the timetable:
- Manufacturing and materials
- Construction engineering
- Project management
- quality assurance
- Technical mechanics
- Electrical engineering
- Business process management
- Construction theory
- Computer science
- Construction and occupational safety
- Micro and macro economics
Furthermore, practice-related projects, excursions and internships are an integral part of the courses offered. At least one practical semester is also planned.
The salary of engineers is generally considered to be quite attractive. However, salaries depend heavily on the industry, degree, area and place of work. The starting salaries as a Bachelor graduate range from 2,500 euros in civil engineering to 4,200 euros as an industrial engineer. Compared to other, similar professions, the income is very good:
As an engineer, you have promising development opportunities. After a few years of professional experience, gross salaries between 4,500 and 6,000 euros are not uncommon. Engineers who have climbed further steps on the career ladder through specializations and further training earn even more.
The individual career also plays a major role: the higher you climb and the more you specialize, the more leeway you have in salary negotiations.
Engineer jobs: career opportunities + prospects
The fields of application of engineers are just as varied as the development opportunities. Budding engineers don't need to worry about their future careers. According to current statistical surveys, job prospects are excellent. Although the number of students has risen sharply in recent years, many engineers will reach retirement age in the near future, so that the professional profile is still future-proof.
Engineers are always needed. There are numerous vacancies to be found in the construction sector in particular. In addition to traditional tasks such as building houses, roads, bridges and office complexes, they are also responsible for the planning and construction of major projects such as airports, wind farms, sustainable power plants or water treatment plants. Trained engineers find work in the following areas:
- Specialized architectural offices
- Construction and construction offices
- Energy and electrical engineering
- Vehicle technology
- Machine technology
- Production control
- Plastic manufacturing
- Raw material production
- Energy Technology
- environmental engineering
Engineers can quickly become team or project leaders, sometimes even managing directors or board members. In the public service, career goals can range from office manager to building mayor. In particular in the fields of electrical engineering, automobile construction and mechanical engineering, the demand for workers is currently significantly higher than the supply.
This is not only true at the national level. The demand for engineers has also grown enormously internationally. Further education and training can pay off extremely quickly for an engineer. Especially in the field of industrial engineering, he can position himself well through a specialization. For example in:
- Energy management
- Property management
- Hygiene management
- Logistics and production management
- Human engineering
Application as an engineer: tips + templates
Graduates need to combine certain talents and skills in order to be successful as engineers. For example:
These should be reflected in your application. Concentrate on special focal points that were part of your studies and are particularly in demand in the job advertisement. You can also earn points with internships and projects that you already completed during your studies. Highlight your soft skills in the cover letter by providing appropriate evidence. For example, they can be formulated as follows:
In many projects, I was able to find creative solutions for difficult assignments together with my team. My eye for the overall context was always extremely helpful.
I was able to demonstrate my analytical skills and assertiveness both in Germany and in various foreign projects in the Far East. Please note the reference from Mr. Dipl-Ing. Winkelmann.
Free templates with sample text
Benefit from our free templates to the application letter. You can download these individually as a Word file by clicking on "Cover letter", "Cover sheet" or "CV" - or as a complete application set by clicking on the preview image. You will then receive all three Word templates combined in one zip file.
➠ Template / sample: cover letter, cover sheet, curriculum vitae
Use our other professional designs and free application templates to apply. More than 120 professional templates for CV, cover letter and cover sheet as WORD files including sample texts can be found here:
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