Did Francis Bacon create something

Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon

The painter Francis Bacon (10/28/1909 - 4/28/1992) was born as the son of English people in Dublin and decided early on to become one of the most mysterious and famous artists of all time. His works can be classified as Surrealism, Expressionism and Cubism, but are all undeniably pure products of his imagination.

Private life

Francis Bacon grew up in a troubled household with a family of five. After his authoritarian and sometimes violent father was drafted into the War Department in London during the First World War, the family moved countless times. Francis Bacon, who suffered from chronic asthma, grew up in the chaos of war without regular schooling and sometimes left to his own devices.

At 16 he became aware of his homosexuality, whereupon his father threw him out of the house in 1926. Francis Bacon spent the next few years traveling to North Africa, among others, and lived in Berlin and Paris, where he began to be increasingly interested in the art world and painting in particular. He was exempt from military service during the Second World War because of his asthma, and so he concentrated on his artistic work, which at the beginning included not only oil paintings but also furniture according to his own designs.
In 1971, his relationship with his partner George Dyer tragically ended when he took his own life from an overdose of pills and alcohol. One of his platonic friends from London, John Edwards, later became the sole heir to Francis Bacon's legacy.

Career

After growing up in troubled circumstances, Francis Bacon began painting - as an outlet for his intense emotions and all the violence he had seen over the years. One of his first works was “Crucifixion”, which was exhibited in London in 1933 and then printed in a book. His major influences were Picasso, Diego Velázquez, Nicolas Poussin, and Rembrandt, but Bacon's abstract compositions have a distinct personal style. Initially, his paintings were only moderately well received, but in 1936, at an international exhibition by Surrealists, his paintings were found to be unsurrealistic and excluded. In 1942 and 1943 he destroyed almost all of his previous works.

After that, however, his creativity seemed to be rekindled and he intensified his painting. In 1944 he created the triptych “Three Studies on Figures at the Foot of a Crucifixion”, which shocked both critics and the public at the later exhibition with its deformed and disturbing animal figures. When he was inducted into London's Lefevre Gallery, his reputation improved significantly and his career took on more distinct shapes.

In 1949 his first solo exhibition at the Hannover Gallery in London gave him a breakthrough, where he also presented the series of paintings "Heads" that made him famous. The row of screaming heads - partly human, partly animal, partly indescribable creature - clearly shows how Bacon began using frame lines to create even greater tension.

Francis Bacon was inspired by a wide variety of artistic works. The film "Battleship Potemkin" by Sergei Eisenstein left visible traces. The impressive images of the mouth open to scream can be found in many of his works. In the fifties, Francis Bacon created, among other things, "Two Figures", inspired by the movement studies of the photographer Eadweard Muybridge and began with his pictures of the Pope, inspired among other things by the painting "Pope Innocent X." by Diego Velázquez from 1650. Together with Lucian Freud and Ben Nicholson designed the British Pavilion at XXVII in 1954. Venice Biennale. Francis Bacon's career had reached its peak.

After the tragic death of his partner George Dyer in 1972, Bacon immortalized him in his works. He focused on the triptychs that represented Dyer's life and death and his own feelings about the loss.

During the last twenty years of his life, Francis Bacon has already been recognized with numerous retrospectives, from the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York to the Tate Gallery in London, as well as major worldwide solo exhibitions, including at the Documenta in Kassel. In 1991 he traveled to Madrid to visit the Velázquez exhibition in the Prado and died there on April 28, 1992 after a heart attack.

Francis Bacon himself said that if he had been healthier and had not suffered from asthma, he would never have been successful as an artist. Bacon's paintings document an incessant struggle between the search for truth and destruction: “You have to deform appearance into an image. I'm just trying to bend something to the truth. "

Today Francis Bacon is one of the most important painters of the 20th century and his works are among the most expensive paintings in the world. In 2013 one of his works set the world record at the time: the triptych “Three Studies of Lucian Freud” from 1969 was auctioned at Christie's in New York for 142.4 million US dollars.

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By Louisa Baumgartel