What does a chimaera look like

chimera

Table of Contents

  1. Generally
  2. Background and development
  3. Criticism and Outlook

Generally

Chimeras in the biological and medical sense are organisms that consist of cells or tissues of different individuals and yet form closed and viable (not necessarily reproductive) organisms. They can be found within a species or between species and can be both plants and animals. There are natural (blood chimera in mammals) and artificial hybrid beings (refinement in plants, animal-human embryos).

Background and development

Several hybrid creatures appear in Greek mythology, from the Sphinx to the Centaur to the Minotaur. Chimera herself, the namesake, is lioness, goat and snake or dragon at the same time. Genetic engineering and biomedicine are able to create animal-human chimeras and thus, for example, human organs outside the human body. The organ recipients, in turn, become chimeras - as in classic transplantation. Biohacking can also target chimeras, even the combination of plant and animal.

Criticism and Outlook

The cultivation of animal-human embryos is permitted in several countries. The terms "organ donation" and "organ trade" are given a wider meaning. When animals are used to allow human organs to grow, they are exploited and literally cannibalized - just like in animal husbandry. This is an issue of animal ethics and a point of criticism in animal welfare. Based on medical and bioethics, animal interests can be contrasted with human interests. However, the question is whether this can be used to justify the suffering and death of highly developed living beings.