How can I just go to Spain
Emigrate to Spain
Many people dream of emigrating to a country that is a popular holiday destination. In this regard, Spain is one of the most popular emigration countries in Europe. The warm climate, the sea and the culture of life attract many emigrants. But you shouldn't be blinded by this if you want to emigrate to Spain. The country has a high unemployment rate. The few vacancies are hotly contested, because people in Spain are well educated.
Overall, wages in Spain are lower than in Germany. This is especially true for the more rural regions. However, the cost of living is also lower compared to Germany, except in the big cities. In order to be able to settle down in Spain, you should definitely be able to speak and write the Spanish language. Depending on the region in which you settle, the provincial languages such as Basque, Catalan or Galician are also spoken there.
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For whom is Spain suitable as a country of emigration?
The labor market situation in Spain is not particularly good at the moment. Many people, especially young Spaniards, are unemployed.
However, there are good chances of finding a job in the tourism industry in Spain. Germans can also score points here with their mother tongue, as Spain is still one of the most popular holiday destinations for Germans. If you want to work in tourism, you should also be able to speak English. The disadvantage of a job in tourism is that many positions in the tourism industry consist of seasonal work. People work in summer and then have to see how they make ends meet or look for a new job in winter.
In the big cities such as Madrid and Barcelona, however, skilled workers and academics are also sought.
The following professional groups have relatively good chances on the Spanish job market:
- Doctors and nurses
- IT specialists
- Electrical engineering specialists
- Employees in the catering and hotel industry.
If you don't necessarily want to work as an employee, you have the alternative of setting up your own company in Spain. But this step needs to be carefully considered. Self-employment brings with it completely different risks.
You can start looking for a job in Spain from Germany. The Central Foreign and Specialized Placement of the Employment Agency or the "European Job Mobility Portal" EURES can help. In Spain you can turn to the public employment service “Servicio Público de Empleo Estatal”. The German Chamber of Commerce in Madrid also provides information. Of course, there are also online job exchanges such as Turijobs. This job exchange specializes in jobs in the tourism industry. Recruitspain is a job exchange for all professional groups. Job advertisements can also be found in national newspapers such as ABC, El Pais, El Mundo and La Vanguardia.
Requirements for an unlimited visa
Since Spain is a member of the European Union, Germans do not need a residence or work permit to live and work in Spain. If you stay in Spain for more than three months, you have to register with the Department for Foreigners of the National Police (“Comisaría General de Extranjería y Fronteras de la Policía Nacional”). There you can get the identification number for foreigner NIE ("Número de Identidad de Extranjero"). The NIE is needed, for example, to be able to open a bank account or to buy a house. It is valid for a lifetime and also serves as a tax number. You will receive the NIE if you can prove that you have an employment contract in Spain or that you are self-employed and that you can cover your own living costs with this work. Anyone living in Spain must also register with the residents' registration office in their place of residence. In the past, foreigners in Spain also needed a residence card. This is no longer necessary since 2007.
In order to be able to apply for Spanish citizenship, one must have resided in Spain for ten years. It is now possible to retain German citizenship while maintaining Spanish citizenship.
Further information can be obtained from the Spanish embassy in Berlin or from the consulates.
Moving to Spain: what to look out for
When moving to Spain, the question arises whether you want to take all your household items with you or not. In addition, a number of administrative procedures and other things have to be done in advance in Germany and after arrival in Spain.
What you can already regulate in Germany:
- Papers: Anyone who emigrates to Spain must de-register at the registration office in Germany and register again in Spain. All you need to enter Spain is a valid identity card or passport. Other important personal documents should be taken with you. The German driving license is also valid in Spain. However, it is recommended to have it rewritten in order to avoid problems with the Spanish police. This is done at the “Dirección General de Tráfico”. In contrast to Germany, all driving license holders living in Spain must regularly take a health test.
- Pension and old-age provision: Since Germany and Spain have signed a social security agreement, the two countries recognize the pension entitlements from the other country. You can get more information on this from the German Pension Insurance. Anyone who has worked in Spain receives a state pension. The amount depends on the assessment basis of the income as well as the number of years that you have paid into the pension insurance. In many companies there is also the option of taking out company pension insurance. You can also take out private insurance from banks and insurance companies.
- If the household effects are to emigrate with: If you want to take all your household items with you to Spain, you should hire an international freight forwarder to do the transport. If you emigrate to one of the Spanish islands, it will be a relatively expensive matter. So you have to weigh up whether you really need everything there or whether you can buy large pieces of furniture on site. Since Spain is a member of the European Union, you can import household goods there duty-free.
What needs to be regulated in Spain:
- Apartment Search: Most of the Spaniards are property owners. It used to be relatively difficult to find housing in Spain for a long period of time. Due to the economic situation in the country, many homeowners these days are happy to be able to get tenants. Many apartments or houses are not advertised but are easy to find on the street. You can recognize them by the signs “Se Aquila” (for rent) or “Se vende” (for sale). An important real estate portal in Spain is idealista. Here you can get an overview of what is on offer from Germany.
- Apply for a tax card in Spain: Anyone who lives and works in Spain needs an identification number for a foreigner NIE, which is also used as a tax card. You apply for this at the National Police upon arrival in Spain (see above).
- Setting up a bank account: To apply for a bank account, you go to the branch of a bank in person. You need a valid identity card or passport as well as an NIE number. If you do not yet have a NIE number, you can set up a foreigner account. However, this is more expensive than a traditional account and you don't get a credit card. After receiving the NIE number, the foreigner account can be converted into a conventional account.
- Health insurance: Anyone who works in Spain, whether as an employee or self-employed, is obliged to pay into the statutory health insurance ("Seguridad Social"). The service package of the statutory health insurance is much smaller in Spain than in Germany. On the other hand, the contributions are lower compared to Germany. There is also the option of taking out private insurance. This allows you to reduce the costs that you have to pay out of pocket in the event of illness, if you are only insured through statutory health insurance. There is a wide range of private health insurances in Spain. A disadvantage of private health insurances in Spain is that the health insurances have the right to terminate if the member is old or suffers from a serious illness. It is often difficult for these people to find new health insurance.
Guide to jobs abroad in Spain
Book tips for emigrating to Spain
Note: Updated on May 23, 2021 via Amazon Product Advertising API. Dates and prices may have changed. We earn commissions for qualified purchases through the Amazon.de affiliate program.
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