What is the secret to getting rid of wrinkles

Seven Myths About Skin Care: What Really Helps Against Wrinkles?

Creams help against wrinkles, pores can open or close, city air is bad for the skin, and those who express pimples get scars: There are tons of claims about perfect skin care. But what is it? We researched the facts and clarified what is true of seven classic skin care myths.

Myth 1: Creams can reduce wrinkles

Everyone gets wrinkles at some point - and earlier than most would like. Skin aging begins in the mid-20s. From then on, the subcutaneous tissue gradually loses fat, and collagen is broken down in the connective tissue, which serves as a framework for the skin and makes it supple. The skin becomes slacker and wrinkles appear. What can be done against it?

This article is featured in Spectrum - The Week, 42/2020

Superficial wrinkles can be combated to a certain extent with a simple moisturizer: It acts as a barrier and does not let the water stored in the skin out. Retinol and its chemical derivatives are primarily used as active anti-aging ingredients. The vitamin stimulates collagen production and is said to reduce wrinkles - at least that was the result of a study with 36 very old seniors. However, this is especially true for prescription, high-dose tinctures (0.4 percent in the experiment). However, these can also lead to skin irritation, and the success usually disappears after discontinuing the cream.

In addition to retinol, over-the-counter creams use substances such as hyaluronic acid or coenzyme Q10. However, the products have hardly any visible effect. In 2015, “Stiftung Warentest” tested nine anti-aging creams in various price categories with different active ingredients, which promised visible results within four weeks at the latest. During this period, the 270 testers treated one half of their face with an anti-wrinkle product and the other with a conventional moisturizer. Sobering conclusion: All anti-aging creams received the grade "poor".

Experts were unable to tell a difference - neither on before and after photos nor in a comparison of the two halves of the face. Some of the users believed that they perceived an improvement. However, that was probably mainly due to their expectations. In an accompanying survey, every second woman was convinced that anti-wrinkle creams could visibly or even completely reduce wrinkles. However, what has been shown to work best against wrinkles is prevention: do not expose the skin to the sun and apply a sunscreen with a high sun protection factor.

Myth 2: City air causes skin to age faster

So-called »anti-pollution products« have recently been found on drugstore shelves. The claim: fine dust, smog and exhaust gases threaten the youthful complexion. Special masks, serums and tonics are designed to protect urban skin from this. But does where you live make any difference? A team led by Jean Krutmann from the Leibniz Institute for Environmental Medicine Research at Heinrich Heine University in Düsseldorf is investigating environmentally induced aging processes in the skin. In 2010, the researchers compared the skin of 400 retired women from the Ruhr area and the Münsterland. The city dwellers actually had more signs of aging, especially more pigment spots, than their rural peers.