Are Akita's outdoor dogs

Akita Inu

The history of the Akita Inu goes back to the beginning of the 17th century, when dogs of the breed "Akita Matagis" were bred in the region around the Japanese city of Akita. At that time the dogs were mainly used for bear hunting and dog fighting. Later, around 1868, breeders crossed the Akita Matagis with the Mastiffs and the Tosa, whereby the dogs increased in size and weight and largely lost their pointed-like appearance. After the official prohibition of dog fighting in 1908, the breed was still able to survive. Then in 1931 nine particularly impressive dogs were selected and named "monuments of nature".

In the course of the Second World War and due to a massive outbreak of rabies, the number of Akitas was reduced. Since the fur of the dogs was needed for the manufacture of military clothing and only the German shepherd dog enjoyed special protection, breeders crossed their Akitas with German shepherds. During this time, a very mixed picture emerged, in which the characteristic features of the original Akitas were barely recognizable. Years of work and crossbreeding with Akita Matagis allowed the breed to return to its original appearance over the years. Today the Akita Inu can often only be found with the name "Akita" and is under FCI standard number 255, Gr. 5, S 5.

The external appearance of the Akita Inu


Akita females weigh a little less at around 35 kilograms. Adult males weigh an average of 40 kilograms.


The Akita is a very large dog in general. While bitches are between 60 and 65 centimeters high at the withers, males can reach a size between 66 and 70 centimeters.


The Akita is available in different, characteristic colors. The coat colors "red-fawn", brindle, white and "sesame" can be found in this dog breed. With the sesame coloring, the hair is red-fawn and has black tips. The coloring of the Akita is particularly characteristic of "Urachiro", which is why this special drawing is required for all Akitas - apart from the white dogs. An Akita with the "Urachiro" coloration has very light hair on certain parts of the body (chest, tail, stomach, neck, insides of legs, lower jaw, cheeks and muzzle).


Typical of the Akita is its large and muscular body, which is not lacking in balanced proportions. His posture appears graceful and majestic, the tail is bent over the back similar to that of a spitz. The Akita has a very broad head, the forehead of which is crisscrossed by a distinct furrow. The small, triangular shaped ears are always upright and point slightly forward. The coat of the Akitas is very dense and soft in the area of ​​the undercoat, while the top coat has a comparatively firm structure.


Special properties


In general, the Akita is considered to be a very calm, intelligent and loyal fellow. In addition, Akitas usually have a very strong hunting instinct and show a strong protective instinct. Keeping in a group of dogs can be difficult with the Akita, as he has a very strong awareness of hierarchies and his territory. Under certain circumstances, the dominance of the Akitas over other dogs can therefore become problematic.

In the family, the Akita is very loyal and trustworthy. Child-friendly Akitas are quite common in the world of this breed. However, it is crucial here that the Akita is able to accept children next to it. He needs a very close relationship with his family and should not live without a consistent but understanding upbringing. The Akita is usually not affected by stressful situations. This dog breed is only more reserved and suspicious towards strangers.
In the upbringing, an Akita often proves to be stubborn, which is why this breed is by no means suitable for beginners. The Akita often only obeys commands if it can actually see the meaning behind them. Nevertheless, Akitas also like to be convinced by their owner of demanding dog sports. Because of their strong hunting instinct, most Akitas must be kept on a leash outdoors and when walking. Very few Akitas like to stay alone. They are strongly attached to their families and need a lot of encouragement and company for lasting happiness.

Possible areas of application

While the Akita Inu was used as a hunting dog and attack dog in the past, today it can mostly be found in the function of a protection or companion dog. Since the Akita attaches great importance to its territory, it is also suitable as a guard dog. Akitas are often used as helpers in rescue projects and as avalanche dogs and police dogs.


Keeping and caring for the Akita Inu

Basically, the Akita's posture requires a very understanding but consistent hand. This dog lives its territorial behavior preferably in houses with a large garden or in court rides. Since the Akita has a lot of strength and energy due to its muscular physique, it needs regular and active exercise. But walking alone is usually not enough here, as an Akita also wants to think along and be mentally busy.

Grooming is another point that shouldn't be neglected with an Akita. In particular, the dense undercoat of this breed needs to be thoroughly brushed out at regular intervals. During the change of coat, the Akita should even be carefully brushed daily. Apart from this, the Akita fur is characterized by its low susceptibility to dirt, as the undercoat is protected by the solid outer hair.

In addition, the dog's ears, claws and teeth should be checked several times a year and, if necessary, cleaned and treated accordingly.



The Akita is a very robust dog that is hardly susceptible to illnesses. However, there are certain diseases that an Akita can develop in the course of its life. The breed is particularly often affected by skin conditions such as sebadenitis. This disease leads to the death of the sebum glands in the course of an inflammatory process. Akitas can also suffer from hip dysplasia, which is why the treating veterinarian should carry out appropriate examinations. Other conditions that Akitas may occasionally experience include blindness, deafness, an underactive thyroid, stomach rotations and problems with balance.

The life expectancy of the Akita is between ten and thirteen years.

Submitted pictures from happy Akita owners:


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Breeders, associations and clubs

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Here we have collected some literature suitable for the breed:

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