How can I learn immigration law
Immigration, yes, but how?
After the back and forth in the case of constitutional protector Hans-Georg Maaßen last week, many had hoped that the grand coalition of CDU, CSU and SPD would finally come to rest and do practical work. She does that too. But whether the top politicians at the coalition summit on Monday evening can agree on a common line on immigration is questionable.
The most important questions that need to be answered are: What should a new immigration law look like that attracts urgently needed skilled workers to Germany? And how can it be achieved that asylum seekers who have already been integrated but who have still been rejected still have the prospect of staying? The following is an overview of which models and ideas are in the room.
Anyone who unsuccessfully applies for asylum in Germany must leave the country - without exception. The SPD wants to soften this rule and proposes an exception to keep skilled workers in Germany. Anyone who has used the long asylum procedure to find a job, to learn the language and to integrate should be able to stay in Germany even if the application has been rejected.
These people change their "lane" like a car on the autobahn, according to the SPD proposal. Instead of using the "lane" asylum procedure, they obtain the right to stay in Germany via a new immigration law. Vice Chancellor and Finance Minister Olaf Scholz is counting on the "changing lanes" concept being received positively by the population.
"We deport the wrong people, say many citizens of our country, when they see that there are criminals who oppose deportation in a relevant manner and at the same time are colleagues next to them in the workplace who do a great job and from whom they want that they can continue to do so, "said Scholz.
Sought after: The "Blue Card" for foreign skilled workers
The Union vehemently rejects the "lane change". CSU regional group leader Alexander Dobrindt says: "There can be no mix-up between asylum and labor migration, these are different situations. What is clear is that we are not giving the signal to the world that regardless of whether an asylum application is confirmed or rejected, you can definitely stay in Germany ".
Due date regulation
Many critics of the "lane change" fear that such a regulation will create an additional incentive for migration to Germany - even for people who, according to the criteria of asylum legislation, actually have no prospect of a right to stay. That is why a so-called "deadline regulation" is under discussion. It would regulate that only asylum seekers who have come to Germany by a certain deadline and who, like other foreign applicants, meet the criteria of the Immigration Act, may stay. Although this would rule out possible abuse, parts of the Union are also opposed to such a regulation.
Recruiting skilled workers
The SPD and the Union agree on one central point: the potential of refugees as skilled workers must be used. Now it's about the design. Horst Seehofer is committed to specifically recruiting skilled workers from abroad - without having to "change lanes" and regulate the deadline. In a key issues paper that Seehofer has drawn up together with the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Labor, it is intended that recruiting should be primarily aimed at people who have completed vocational training that is recognized in Germany. In addition, these applicants must provide evidence of other criteria, such as language skills, but also a specific job offer. So that this is realistic in practice, entry for the purpose of job search should be made easier.
Model Canada: The North American country was already on everyone's lips in the 2017 federal election campaign when it came to a new immigration law. Canada selects its migrants with a point system - something similar has been in discussion for a long time for Germany. In this model, immigrants could meet certain criteria and thus collect points in order to obtain a visa of a certain type. In this way, the immigration of skilled workers can be controlled according to needs, say proponents. However, the Union rejects such a system. The Canada model is not up for debate at the coalition summit.
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